The County 2

The County 2 - If you are looking for a breathe taking...

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If you are looking for a breathe taking scenery by the bay, historical colonial settlements, or just some of that good ol' fashion Maryland seafood, than look no farther than St. Mary's. St. Mary's is a small piece of seaside paradise with a rich history located in the southern most section of Maryland's eastern peninsula. Founded in 1634, the catholic town quickly became a safe haven for those escaping religious persecution in England. The continuous influx of settlers gave St. Mary's significant political and religious power; however in the early 1700's a religious conflict shifted the authority to Annapolis, making the once influential town obsolete. However, they say time heals all wounds, and that seems to be the case here too. Present day St. Mary's is now the fastest growing area in Maryland due to high employment rates at the Naval Air Station. The year is 1633, and the persecution and intolerance of Catholicism in England is becoming a more prudent problem. In late November, approximately two hundred passengers will set sail on the Ark and the Dove in hopes of finding refuge in America… On March 25, 1634 Leonard Calvert arrived on the shores of St. Clements's Island where he erected a large wooden cross on the shore to symbolize the presence of religious freedom in the new colony. This day in history is commemorated annually through the celebration of Maryland Day. Upon founding the city, Calvert attempted to govern the city under feudalistic precepts. However, his governmental approach met severe resistance from the people and within a year Calvert was forced to summon a colonial assembly. The assembly required Calvert to govern St. Mary's in accordance with the laws of England, a political move that resulted in economic prosperity for the city. In the mid 1600's the city experienced an economic boom, as it began
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developing quicker than ever. Tobacco sales, a dominant crop in the farming industry, flourished during this time and served as the greatest source of economic livelihood in the city. The increase in population resulted in more available workers for fields work and for manual labor, producing great revenue for the city. Within a short period land use development plans were made to create roads, governmental buildings, and churches. The town was carefully planned out and uniquely designed as two triangles connecting at their points. The first triangle was marked by governmental buildings and consisted of Maryland's first state house, a jail, and the mayor's house. The second triangle laid out the religious and educational region, consisting of the Catholic Church and a school. The innovative layout of the city provided strict divisions between church and state, most likely a symbol of the religious liberties present in the community. The prudent development of St. Mary's made it a logical place to form a colonial capital. Founded on the principles of religious tolerance and "Freedom of Conscience", St. Mary's
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2008 for the course SOC 3303 taught by Professor Semu during the Spring '08 term at McDaniel.

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The County 2 - If you are looking for a breathe taking...

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