Learning Objectives (Test 3) - Learning Module 7 1 List the...

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Learning Module 71. List the types of eating disorders and discuss their diagnostic criteria as classified in the Diagnostic andStatistical Manual, Edition 5(DSM-5). Anorexia Nervosa: -restriction of energy intake relative to requirements, leading to a significantly low body weight; -these people have a distorted body image- see themselves as obese-psychiatric disorder- their weight plays a big role in how they feel about themselves-intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat -2 types:Restricting type: no binge eating or purging behavior over last 3 months; dieting, fasting and/or excessive exerciseBinge/Purging: episodes of binge-purging over last 3 months; Binging: eating and feeling out ofcontrol; doesn’t necessarily mean a lot of calories; Purging: vomiting, excessive exercise, anything to rid the body of excess calories (like laxative use)Bulimia Nervosa: recurrent episodes of binge eating (a lot of calories in a short period of time) followedby recurrent inappropriate compensatory behaviors; must occur at least once a week for 3 months; self-evaluation is influenced by body shape and weight-Mild: 1-3 episodes of inappropriate compensatory behaviors per week-Moderate: 4-7 episodes of inappropriate compensatory behaviors per week-Severe: 8-13 episodes of inappropriate compensatory behaviors per week-Extreme: 14 or more episodes of inappropriate compensatory behaviors per weekBinge Eating Disorder: recurrent episodes of binge eating without the compensatory behaviors; distress regarding the binge eating is present; binge eating occurs, on average, at least once a week for 3 months-Mild: 1-3 binge-eating episodes per week-Moderate: 4-7 binge-eating episodes per week-Severe: 8-13 binge-eating episodes per week-Extreme: 14 or more binge-eating episodes per weekOther Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder: includes anorexic, bulimic, or binge-eating behaviors but do not meet all the criteria of these diagnoses; borderline anorexia- when the eating disorder is subclinicalor borderlineUnspecified Feeding or Eating Disorder: used in situations such as an ER where a patient needs a diagnosis and the physician on call or clinician doesn’t have enough info to choose specifically, but they know some type of eating disorder is involvedBody Dysmorphic Disorder: body image disorder where people become obsessed with physical perfection- people who get excessive plastic surgery, men who are obsessed with being very buff“Orthorexia”: not really an eating disorder; term that was coined by a doctor who became overly obsessed with healthy eating; may become a diagnosable eating disorder in the future; not adaptive

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