Philosophy Review Part 2 - Philosophy Review Part 2 Divisions of Philosophy Epistemology Metaphysics Ethics Logic Religion Aristotle Happiness is the

Philosophy Review Part 2 - Philosophy Review Part 2...

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Philosophy Review – Part 2 Divisions of Philosophy – Epistemology Metaphysics Ethics Logic Religion Aristotle – Happiness is the end goal of all human beings. Meant to act with reason Asian Philosophy – Know Symbols Logic – Know basics Metaphysics – Materialism – objective methodology, deterministic, denies supernatural, reductionistic - Democritus - Thomas Hobbes - Pierre Laplace Has been losing credit since Heisenberg stated the uncertainty Principle Idealism – only minds and immaterial objects exist - George Berkeley - Immanuel Kant Dualism – both ideas and matter exist - Voltaire Pragmatism – reality is pluralistic, truth is tested by workability - Charles Pierce - William James - John Dewey Logical Positivism – all statements are meaningless unless true or false by definition or empirically verifiable - Alfred J. Ayer Phenomenology – contends that being is the underlying reality thata ppears to our consciousness, which itself is being - Edmund Husserl - Martin Heidegger
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