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Eastern European Renaissance Notes

Eastern European Renaissance Notes - Eastern European...

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Eastern European Renaissance: Poland Post-War Eastern Europe (1945-1953) All Eastern European countries were either occupied by the Nazis or colluded with them during WWII 1945 “liberation” by the Soviets and became part of the Soviet bloc Soviet Union nationalized all Eastern European film industries Socialist realism Creation of state-operated film schools in each country Liberalization and Thaw 1953 death of Joseph Stalin Nikita Khruschev initiated a period of de-Stalinization in the 1950s Filmmakers were able to use cinema for social critique and ideological debate Post-War Polish Cinema Not a major international producer of film prior to World War II Under Soviet regime, film industry was nationalized under Film Polski in 1945 1945-53 Polish cinema was hampered by socialist realism Changes to the Polish film industry following the death of Stalin 1954, Jerzy Toeplitz, director of the Polish Film School, called for a new national cinema 1955, Film Polski was reorganized as 10 self-contained units known as the
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