Chumash Paper - Nguyen 1 Hai Nguyen Prof. Sean Smith...

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Nguyen 1 Hai Nguyen Prof. Sean Smith History 473 30 April 2008 During the earlier days, many different Native American populations roam the coastal land of California. Their primitive lives were made easy with abundance of fish, games, and wild but edible plants and seeds. Although the environment was manipulated in ways that were beneficial to their lives, it remained unharmed. Mountains, desserts, valleys, coasts, forests offered generous food and raw materials resources for many Native Americans bands and tribes. Settled right in the Central California region, the Chumash Indians were no different. Populated the stretch of land along the Pacific coast from San Luis Obispo to Malibu Canyon, and runs inland all the way up to the San Joaquin Valley, the Chumash Indians found themselves bestowed upon with various seasonal and regional resources. Unfortunately, the peaceful and simple lives of these culturally diverse indigenous groups were ceased to a halt by the appearance of the Europeans and the Spanish. Along with their diseases and culturally different social beliefs and customs, the Europeans brought with them superiority and contempt for the Native American populations. Many bands and tribes were subjected to mindless beatings and killings if they refused to be missionized. Prior to Spanish contact, there were about 10,000 to 18,000 Chumash Indians in the late 18 th century. By 1990, only 213 lived on the Santa Ynez Reservation. These numbers only go to show the tremendous impact that the Europeans had on this particular tribe. Their lives definitely took the turn for the worse.
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Nguyen 2 In the earlier days of Santa Barbara area, most Native Americans were nomadic hunters. They had a semi-sedentary food-gathering way of life. To adapt to their environment, they developed technology like bow and arrows, basketry, fishing equipments and boats. These technological advancements allowed for more complex social structure and economic systems. “Chumash” means “islander” in the language of the mainland people. 15,000 in numbers and they did not consider themselves as a cultural unit or tribe although they shared the same Hokan languages, similar customs, governmental systems and religious beliefs. There are three regionally different types of Chumash Indians: Island Chumash, Northern Chumash, and Coastal Chumash. Island Chumash relied on fish and sea mammals. Northern Chumash relied on plants and game inland. Coastal Chumash had access to resources from both land and sea so they had an unusually complex society for a hunting and gathering group. Just as the name imply, the environmental differences were responsible for the regional variations between these Chumashan cultures. For the Island Chumash, life revolved around open sea. They focused on the ocean for
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2008 for the course HIST 473 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '08 term at CSU Long Beach.

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Chumash Paper - Nguyen 1 Hai Nguyen Prof. Sean Smith...

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