Lecture 22 Ppt.-2 - Lecture 22 Upon Antonys return to...

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Lecture 22
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Upon Antony’s return to Alexandria from Parthia in Autumn of 34, he celebrates a triumph over Armenia in Alexandria . Sends Octavia packing. Declares Caesarion the legitimate son of Julius Caesar, and declared “King of Kings,” Cleopatra declared “Queen of Kings.” His son Alexander Helios (6 years old) given Armenia, Media and Parthia. Married to Iotape, daughter of the king of Media. Daughter Cleopatra Selene (twin) given Cyrene and Libya. 2 year old Ptolemy Philadelphus given Syria and Cilicia.
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These “Donations of Alexandria practically create a state within a state. Holding a triumph outside of Rome also deeply offends Roman attitudes. Antony the “prince consort” of Cleopatra by 33. Octavian prepares for a deliberate break by 33, the key issue the treatment of Octavia.
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A huge propaganda war ensues. Antony gives what he gets. At end of 33 BC, the triumvirate reaches its legal end. Antony retains his powers, but promises to lay them down 6 months after victory. Octavian ostensibly does not retain power. It is perhaps telling that until now, most of the Pompeian and Catonian remnants prefer Antony. Famous meeting of the Senate on Feb. 1, 32 BC. Antonian consuls C. Sosius and Cn. Domitius are worried that reading Antony’s acta in the senate might provoke backlash. Sosius moves to censure Octavian. A tribune vetoes it. At a subsequent session, Octavian shows up with supporters from the towns of Italy and soldiers and takes his seat between the two consuls.
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Be rails against Sosius and Antony, then tells the senate to convene the next day, as he will provide important documentary evidence.
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