Chapter 3: Environmental History, Politics, and Economics 1. Who are: Wallace Stegner; Paul Ehrlich; John Muir; Rachel Carson; Henry David Thoreau; Aldo Leopold; John James Audubon? And what were their contributions to the environmental movement? Wallace Stegnar-American thinker and writer who penned his famous “Wilderness Essay” in 1962, helped create support for the passage of Wilderness Act of 1964. Paul Ehrlich-Ecologist, published Population Bomb , wrote when the pop. Was 3.5bil warned about large population and the effect on the ecosystem. John Muir-a biocentric preservationist, founded the sierra club bug part in Yellowstone and Yosemite. Rachel Carson-a marine biologist, wrote Silent Spring about pesticides mainly DDT. Henry David Thoreau-a writer lived on Walden Lake, contemplated how people could live in harmony with nature. Aldo Leopold-wildlife biologist and environmental conservationist, wrote Game Management in 1933 was a hunter, and also A Sand County Almanac profound influence on Wallace Stegner. John James Audubon-drew a lot of paintings of wildlife. 2. What was Theordore Roosevelt’s role in environmental matters? What about Franklin D. Roosevelt’s role/contributions? Theordore Roosevelt-signed bill that took power away from pres to create national parks, created the US forest service, appointed Gifford Pinchot to be head. FDR-established the civilian conservation corps, the American dust bowl alerted the US for the need for soil conservation, formed the soil conservation service in 1935. 3. When were the world’s first national parks established? Yellowstone: 1872 Yosemite: 1890
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