StudyGuideWord - Penultimate version Study Guide for 2007...

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Penultimate version -- Study Guide for 2007 Midterm. Now only articles to go but I thought I’d post this again, for those who need to study now. The final one should be up later today. Sometimes I’ve asked question about terms that are in the article but not necessarily defined because they are basic, like cruise missile. If you need to know them, I’d look them up on Wikipedia. I really believe in people getting together in study groups to help figure this all out. If it’s too late for that or you’re too busy, you can use the posting feature of the class website. For each article, I’ve asked many questions. These are to help you understand the article interactively. If you can’t answer them all you’ll still get quite a good grade in the midterm, I expect, if you can answer the more important questions that I put in bold type. DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE DONE Week 1 Freedman on beginning of nuclear era MAUD report Schelling on the tradition of non-use Tannenwald on the origins of the nuclear taboo World arsenals Week 2 Chiang on the Quemoy-Matsu crisis Trachtenberg - a wasting asset Sagan and Suri on the madman alert Nitze on stability and détente Week 3 Bundy on the Berlin Crisis Schelling on confidence in a crisis Blair on alerting and the US command system Wikipedia on the Cuban Missile Crisis Week 4 Bishop’s Letter Cohn on nuclear language Nuclear Posture Review excerpts ABM Treaty Testban Treaty
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Week 1-1. Freedman on beginning of nuclear era One of Freedman’s messages is that the new technology didn’t make people realize that their past understandings of strategy were suddenly obsolete. Some academics of course declared that nuclear weapons meant a military revolution, but those who had to manage nuclear-related organizations tried to fit the weapons into their past theories and procedures. What is a “war of attrition” (like World War I)? Freedman discusses World War I and its aftermath -- trench warfare then tanks and aircraft -- to show how people learned from a surprising experience. What did they learn? What does he mean by strategic bombardment? What was the theory of it – meaning how was it supposed to work (p.5-9)? Is the word used here in the same sense as I used strategic vs. tactical applied to nuclear weapons? (Yes.) What were the lessons seen from World War II, vis-à-vis strategic bombardment and nuclear weapons? How valid were the lessons drawn? Describe an example of what means by “restraints on aerial warfare … eroded.” What did Liddell Hart mean that “inaccuracy of weapon-aim fostered inhumanity of war aim” (p.12). What was the V-2 rocket? In what ways was it similar to later warfare with nuclear and thermonuclear weapons?
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