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ANTHROPOLOGY 101.002 EXAM 1 Fall 2007 MULTIPLE CHOICE: Please choose the best answer to each question. There is only one correct answer to each question. 1. Who uses material remains to reconstruct the daily life of peoples who lived in the past? a) archaeologist b) ethnologist c) ethnographer d) primatologist 2. Which of the following is not a sub-field of anthropology? a) archaeology b) ethnology c) linguistic anthropology d) sociology 3. Which is the best definition of cultural relativism ? a) the study of culture from a historical perspective b) trying to understand cultural behaviors in context of the society and environment where they occur c) a theory of the origin of human language d) describing a culture from firsthand experience 4. In studying the effects of changing environmental and technological factors on culture and human behavior, anthropologists often use a) the experimental method b) armchair speculation c) educated guessing d) the comparative method 5 The statement, “Since since our hunter-gatherer ancestors sometimes practiced infanticide, it’s probably OK for us to do too” is an example of. .. a) holistic behavior b) the naturalistic fallacy c) uniformitarianism d) the comparative method 6. Horticulturalists make their living mainly by a) collecting and hunting wild foods b) raising crops using simple cultivation tools like digging sticks c) raising crops using the plow and irrigation d) all of the above 7. For 99% of our history, humans have lived as a) foragers b) horticulturalists c) intensive agriculturalists d) factory workers 8. According to comparative ethnographic data on daily workload, the subsistence system that requires the least amount of hours of work per day is a) intensive agriculture b) horticulture c) foraging d) factory work 9. The majority of pastoralists and intensive agriculturalists are a) patrilineal b) bilateral c) matrilineal d) don’t have families 10. Anthropology developed in part out of a) European colonialism b) communism c) federalism d) feudalism 11. The idea that human history consists of a series of stages of improvements in the quality of life and the degree of civilization is a) colonialism b) cultural relativism c) progressivism d) positivism 12. The attempt to explain various cultural practices in terms of hidden or non-apparent benefits to the society is a) functionalism b) progressivism c) relativism d) astigmatism 13. The Divale and Harris’ functionalist explanation of female infanticide suggests that the function of this practice is to a) improve men’s low self-esteem b) regulate or control population growth c) prevent women from over- producing food
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This note was uploaded on 05/11/2008 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Boone during the Fall '07 term at New Mexico.

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