Exam 3 KEY - ANTHROPOLOGY 101 EXAM 3 Fall 2007 1. The Ice...

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ANTHROPOLOGY 101 EXAM 3 Fall 2007 1. The Ice Age came to an abrupt end around a) 50,000 years ago b) 100,000 years ago c) 10-12,000 years ago d) 20,000 years ago 2. The Holocene is characterized by a) warmer, more stable climate b) colder, more unstable climate c) warm periods punctuated by Ice Ages d) steadily increasing global temperatures over the last 10,000 years 3. The Pleistocene is characterized by a) colder average global temperatures punctuated by periodic Ice Ages b) warmer, more stable climate c) a long, steady decrease in average global temperature d) expansion of tropical rainforests’ 4. The average global temperature of the Earth over the past 120,000 has been measured by analyzing a) pollen diagrams from peat bogs b) tree ring analysis c) oxygen isotope levels in the Greenland Ice Sheet d) C 14 levels in geological strata from the Pleistocene 5. The end of the Ice Age brought with it a) mass animal extinctions b) diversification of the human diet to include smaller animals and plant foods c) the beginnings of plant and animal domestication d) all of the above 6. Subsistence intensification involves a) working harder and longer to collect or produce the same net amount of food energy b) developing techniques to decrease the amount of labor required to produce food c) increasing the amount of land area used to produce food d) all of the above 7. Subsistence intensification
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b) decreases productivity per unit of land c) decreases the amount of labor required to produce food d) b and c 8. One stone tool type that signals the increased use of plant seed as food in the Holocene is a) the Levallois technique b) ground stone tools c) the blade industry d) all of the above 9. The early development of domestication and sedentism in the Holocene brings about a) an increase in the health status of human populations b) a general decline in the health of human populations c) an increase in the amount of spare time available to humans d) a decline in population growth rates 10. The development of domestication in Mesoamerica differs from the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East in the following way a) there are no medium or large size domestic animals in Mesoamerica b) domestication never occurs in Mesoamerica c) domestication only occurs in the last 1000 years in Mesoamerica d) none of the above 11. In general the main developments of the Holocene include a) increase in long distance trade b) diversification of the human diet c) intensification of food collection and production d) all of the above 12. All civilizations depend on a) the use of the wheel b) the use of metallurgy c) intensive crop agriculture d) all of the above 13. Early civilizations have a tendency to develop around a) abundant, continuous sources of water in an otherwise arid or semi-arid environments b) in wet, tropical environments c) temperate environments d) mountainous landscapes
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Exam 3 KEY - ANTHROPOLOGY 101 EXAM 3 Fall 2007 1. The Ice...

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