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history_final_study_sheet - Causes of the Cold...

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Causes of the Cold War (1945-1970’s)- Was caused by the political tension between democracy and communism (dictatorships) right after World War 2. This was between the 2 superpowers, United States and Russia. It led to an arms race resulting in proxy wars, which led to the world being split into 2 camps. It was a war of propaganda with each side trying to win the hearts and minds of people around the world. Soviet Union didn’t pay back Lend Lease because they paid it in blood (WW2). It was the Soviet Union’s refusal to pay that sparked tensions. WHEN THEY LIBERATED (TOOK OVER) HUNGARY, GERMANY, POLAND THEY INSERTED COMMUNIST GOVERNMENTS. Truman Doctrine- U.S. will aid any force fighting communism. Truman Doctrine gave aid to countries facing communist takeover. Helped out Greece and Turkey. This as well as containment became the U.S. foreign policy. Policy of Containment- contain communism from spreading; policy adapted during the Cold War. Marshall Plan- lent money to western European countries (France, W Germany, England). It was offered to the Soviet Union but they turned it down. It was a success; contained communism. NATO (North Atlantic treaty Organization)- was the response the U.S. gave when the Soviet Union created the Warsaw Pact. It challenged the soviet organization. Anti-Communist Networks- Legislative Branch- HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee) investigated suspected threats of subversion or propaganda that
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attacked "the form of government guaranteed by our Constitution ." Executive Branch- issues executive order; no person working for the government can be communist Judicial Branch- attacks civil liberties; mini HUACS- first organization they went after was the NAACP. Cold War in Asia: China- Mao Tse Tung; Communism takes over in 1949. The “Red Scare” emerges at home. Vietnam- 1946 U.S. enters the Vietnam War; we picked to help out the French rather than the Vietnamese because we wanted to contain communism there. Civil Rights- The Civil Rights Act (1964) was revolutionary, gave southern blacks the right to vote. Voting Rights Act (1965)- made sure elections were clean; brought dynamic leadership. Cold War was the worst time for civil liberties in history (1950’s), Conformity was highly stressed. Unions kicked out communists, Hollywood actors blacklisted, and govt. employees fired. This period helped shape the Civil Rights Movement. The Cold War even moved Truman (1948) into civil rights. COLD WAR CIVIL RIGHTS THESIS: COLD WAR LED TO CIVIL RIGHTS. Agenda only stressed school integration, & public accommodation. Economic equality was put on the back burner. Know the organizations involved in the civil rights movement NAACP- (1909) oldest one in the U.S. By the 1930’s the NAACP challenged racial
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discrimination in the courts. This is the organization that argued the Brown Case (Supreme Court) Thurgood Marshall was the lead attorney of the NAACP. First African American to be put on the Supreme Court.
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