UP_2012_Political_Law_Constitutional_1 - TABLE of CONTENTS...

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POLITICAL LAW REVIEWER TABLE of CONTENTS 2 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I CONSTITUTIONAL LAW 1 Table of Contents Chapter I. The State ................................................. 3 I. Territory ....................................................... 3 A. 1987 Const., Art. I ................................... 3 B. Treaty of Paris, Art. III ............................. 3 C. Archipelagic Doctrine .............................. 4 II. People .......................................................... 4 A. Definition ................................................. 4 B. Citizenship .............................................. 4 III. Sovereignty .................................................. 6 A. Kinds ....................................................... 6 B. Theory of Auto-Limitation ........................ 6 C. “Dominium” v “Imperium” ........................ 6 D. Jurisdiction .............................................. 6 E. Suits Against the State and the Doctrine of Sovereign Immunity ...................................... 7 IV. Government ................................................. 8 A. Definition ................................................. 8 B. Functions ................................................ 8 C. Doctrine of Parens Patriae ...................... 8 D. De Jure and De Facto Governments ....... 9 Chapter II. Structure and Powers of Government – Separation of Powers ............................................ 10 I. Legislative Department .............................. 10 A. Nature and Classification of Legislative Power ............................................................. 10 B. Composition, Qualifications and Term of Office10 C. Election ................................................. 11 D. Salaries, Privileges and Disqualifications 12 E. Internal Government of Congress ......... 13 F. Electoral Tribunals ................................ 14 G. Commission on Appointments .............. 15 H. Powers of Congress .............................. 16 II. Judiciary ..................................................... 21 A. In General ............................................. 21 B. Supreme Court ...................................... 23 C. Judicial and Bar Council ........................ 25 III. Executive ................................................... 25 A. The President ........................................ 25 B. Vice President ....................................... 41 IV. Constitutional Commissions ....................... 42 A. Common Provisions .............................. 42 B. Civil Service Commission ...................... 42 C. Commission on Elections ...................... 43 D. Commission on Audit ............................ 44 V. Constitutionally-Mandated Bodies ............. 44 A. Sandiganbayan ..................................... 44 B. Ombudsman ......................................... 44 C. Commission on Human Rights .............. 45 Chapter III. National Economy and Patrimony ..... 46 I. General Principles ..................................... 46 A. Goals ..................................................... 46 B. Citizenship Requirements ..................... 46 C. Filipino First ........................................... 46 II. Natural Resources ..................................... 46 A. Regalian Doctrine [ Jura Regalia ] .......... 46 B. Exploration, Development, and Utilization 47 C. Stewardship Concept ............................ 48 III. Private Lands ............................................. 48 A. General Rule ......................................... 48 B. Exceptions ............................................. 48 IV. Monopolies ................................................. 48 V. Central Monetary Authority ........................ 48 Chapter IV. Current Events and Special Topics ..49 I. Party-List System ....................................... 49 II. Question Hour v. Inquiries In Aid of Legislation ........................................................... 51 III. Executive Privilege ................................ 51 IV. People’s Initiative ....................................... 52 V. Right of Reply ............................................ 53 VI. The (Erstwhile) Province of Shariff Kabunsuan .......................................................... 53 VII. MOA on Ancestral Domain (MOA-AD) ..54
POLITICAL LAW REVIEWER CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I TEAM Dean Marvic MVF Leonen Faculty Editor Earla Langit Lead Writer Abigail Alameda Maricor Estrella Kate Lomoljo Writers POLITICAL LAW Jennifer Go Subject Editor ACADEMICS COMMITTEE Kristine Bongcaron Michelle Dy Patrich Leccio Editors-in-Chief PRINTING & DISTRIBUTION Kae Guerrero DESIGN & LAYOUT Pat Hernandez Viktor Fontanilla Romualdo Menzon Jr. Rania Joya LECTURES COMMITTEE Michelle Arias Camille Maranan Angela Sandalo Heads Katz Manzano Sam Nuñez Arianne Cerezo Mary Rose Beley Krizel Malabanan Marcrese Banaag Volunteers MOCK BAR COMMITTEE Lilibeth Perez BAR CANDIDATES WELFARE Dahlia Salamat LOGISTICS Charisse Mendoza SECRETARIAT COMMITTEE Jill Hernandez Head Loraine Mendoza Mary Mendoza Faye Celso Joie Bajo Members Chapter I. The State I. TERRITORY A. 1987 CONSTITUTION, ART B. TREATY OF PARIS C. ARCHIPELAGIC DOCTRIN II. PEOPLE A. DEFINITIONS B. CITIZENSHIP III. SOVEREIGNTY A. KINDS B. THEORY OF AUTO-LIMITA C. DOMINIUM V. IMPERIUM D. JURISDICTION E. SUITS AGAINST THE DOCTRINE OF SOVEREIG IV. GOVERNMENT A. DEFINITION B. FUNCTIONS C. DOCTRINE OF PARENS P D.

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