4. The Settlement of the Chesapeake Colonies - The...

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The Settlement of the Chesapeake Colonies Charters Corporate Colony o Granted a Charter to stockholders o Ex. Virginia Propriety Colony o Granted a charter to individual or group o Ex. MARYLAND, Pennsylvania Royal colony o Under direct control of the monarch o Ex. New Hampshire o Eventually, 8 of the 13 colonies became royal colonies, including Virginia and Massachusetts Virginia Guaranteed to colonists the same rights as if they had stayed in England. Provision was incorporated into future colonists’ documents (Charter of Virginia Company) Colonists felt that even in the Americas they had the rights of Englishmen Jamestown, Virginia Late 1606 – VA Co. sends out 3 ships- Susan Constant, Discovery, Godspeed Spring 1607 – land at mouth of Chesapeake Bay o Attacked by Indians and move on May 24, 1607 – about 100 colonists (all men) laid at Jamestown, along banks of James River o Easily defended, but swarming with diseases- causing mosquitos Jamestown was founded for economic reasons Church life was very big 1606-1607 – 40 people died on the voyage to the New World 1609 – another ship from England lost its leaders and supplies in a shipwreck off the Bermuda Settlers died by the dozens!

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