Module_one_model_answers - Lesson One- 1) Describe the...

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Lesson One - 1) Describe the concept of globalization and its relationship to emerging diseases. With an increase in economic opportunities associated with the international marketing of goods and services, globalization has put people at risk for emerging diseases also traveling internationally; for example- Inadequate monitoring of goods being produced or transported, lack of public health infrastructure to control disease outbreak, and the economic impact of reporting a disease ( Berlow BA , Trigg DH , 1997). 2) How do you think globalization has affected health care in the United States? One of the industries best positioned to profit from the globalization of services is U.S. health care. The number of foreign patients visiting the U.S. for health care will quadruple in the next few years. ( Berlow BA , Trigg DH , 1997). The US attracts medical workers from resource poor countries (to fill our need). However, global travel and trade of goods has threatened the health of those exposed to infectious diseases uncommon in the US. 3) What burdens or benefits has globalization had on health-care systems in developing nations? Burdens Workers are crowding cities for limited jobs. Poverty, lack of clean water, and lack of education remain at a high level; also lack of adequate health care, inadequate medicines and supplies lead to an increase in diseases or inadequate treatment of infectious diseases (and resulting multidrug resistant diseases like TB) (Gloyd, S, 2008). Benefits With social adjustment programs, there is an improvement in immunizations; Medical workers are volunteering in poor nations and nongovernment organizations (NGO) aid is helping some communities; however, American aid is insufficient (Gloyd, S, 2008).
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4) Create a table that shows five impacts globalization has had on the US health-care system and five impacts globalization has had on the health-care system in a developing country of your choice. Globalization Impact on US Health-care system Globalization Impact on India Health-care system Brain drain - United States faces a shortage of 200,000 doctors and 800,000 nurses by 2020 and is importing health workers from other countries (Rich countries contribute to brain drain of doctors from third world, 2005) Sex trade increases incidence of STI’s for sex workers and clients (25,000 Nepali girls involved in sex trade in Indian cities, 2004) Increase in immigrants with poor health, low resources and unable to find jobs add to uninsured seeking care “…immigrants play an ominous role in America's rising health care costs.” (Impact of Immigration on health care costs, 2008) Brain drain - Doctors and nurses are drawn to better income in US (Is brain drain bad for India? How about the rest of the world?, 2008) Agricultural trade - from insufficient inspection and industry cost- cutting, seeing new ID’s-new variant Creutzfeldt Jacob disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE), enteric bacteria (E. Coli O157:H7, salmonella, etc), and HIV/AIDS (from blood products) emerging
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This note was uploaded on 05/12/2008 for the course HSERV/EPI 529 taught by Professor Kimball during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

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Module_one_model_answers - Lesson One- 1) Describe the...

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