{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Midterm Exam Study Guide

Midterm Exam Study Guide - Midterm Exam Study...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Midterm Exam Study Guide/Sociology 133/Winter 2008 I. The study of collective behavior A. Emergent v. culturally defined behavior B. Ways in which collective behavior emerges in "institutional" social settings (see M&M) C. Settings in which culture is indifferent, inadequate, or in dispute D. The continuum of emergence and cultural specification (see M&M) E. Theoretical frameworks of collective behavior 1. Contagion Model (i.e., group mind, herd instinct) a) weakness: wrongly assumes complete mental unity of a crowd so that individuals are helpless to resist the will of the crowd; collective behavior is likened to an infectious disease b) better if conceived as “suggestibility” or “circular reaction” (Blumer) 2. Convergence Model a) Crowds form on the basis of common interests/values/attitudes, grievances/strains, or common social characteristics (i.e., class, race, gender, religion, etc). b) weakness: wrongly assumes that collective behavior can be explained by the common beliefs and/or social characteristics of the crowd members; these similarities may explain why a crowd forms, but not how it acts. For this, you need to study the internal social dynamics of the crowd. 3. Emergent norm model: Emphasis on internal group processes,
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
differential participation, and the process of redefining right and wrong through social interaction II. Processes of Collective Behavior A. Rumor 1. Shibutani's perspective on rumor a) Rumor as problem-solving and "improvised" news 2. Neil Smelser’s model: rumor ---> "generalized beliefs" -----> collective behavior (see M&M) 3. Why do individuals act differently in crowds? a) Seven social influence processes (see M&M) 4. Emergent Norm processes: milling, keynoting, risky shift, symbolization III. Fads A. Characteristics of Fads B. Theories 1. Fads and status a) George Simmel's explanation of fashion as an expression of social differentiation and social solidarity; fashion as a "modern" social form.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}