Midterm Exam Study Guide

Midterm Exam Study Guide - Midterm Exam Study...

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Midterm Exam Study Guide/Sociology 133/Winter 2008 I. The study of collective behavior A. Emergent v. culturally defined behavior B. Ways in which collective behavior emerges in "institutional" social C. Settings in which culture is indifferent, inadequate, or in dispute E. Theoretical frameworks of collective behavior 1. Contagion Model (i.e., group mind, herd instinct) a) weakness: wrongly assumes complete mental unity of a crowd so that individuals are helpless to resist the will of the crowd; collective behavior is likened to an infectious disease b) better if conceived as “suggestibility” or “circular reaction” (Blumer) 2. Convergence Model a) Crowds form on the basis of common interests/values/attitudes, grievances/strains, or common social characteristics (i.e., class, race, gender, religion, etc). b) weakness: wrongly assumes that collective behavior can be explained by the common beliefs and/or social characteristics of the crowd members; these similarities may explain why a crowd forms, but not how it acts. For this, you need to study the internal social dynamics of the crowd. 3. Emergent norm model: Emphasis on internal group processes,
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differential participation, and the process of redefining right and wrong through social interaction II. Processes of Collective Behavior A. Rumor 1. Shibutani's perspective on rumor a) Rumor as problem-solving and "improvised" news 2. Neil Smelser’s model: rumor ---> "generalized beliefs" -----> collective 3. Why do individuals act differently in crowds? 4. Emergent Norm processes: milling, keynoting, risky shift, symbolization III. Fads A. Characteristics of Fads B. Theories 1. Fads and status a) George Simmel's explanation of fashion as an expression of social differentiation and social solidarity; fashion as a "modern" social form. b) Thorstein Veblen's conception of fashion and life-style as
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2008 for the course SOC 133 taught by Professor Jepson during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Midterm Exam Study Guide - Midterm Exam Study...

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