Study Questions for Final Exam - hist 313

Study Questions for Final Exam - hist 313 - Study Questions...

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Study Questions for Final Exam: Part 1 : ID Part 2 : Chronology Part 3 : Short Essay on either Fighting for American Manhood , Ideology and US Foreign Policy , or a comparison of both. Hunt: Ideology and US Foreign Policy: 1) Coming to Terms with Ideology: -Ideology is central, not incidental, to policy making. (pg 3) -2 dominant Part 4 : Long Essay, Essay 1 : “The diplomacy of the American Civil War was crucial to the outcome of the conflict. Had the confederate leaders succeeded in their efforts to internationalize the conflict – or if you prefer, had the Union leadership failed to keep it contained – the result might have been victory for the South’s cause.” Evaluate the validity of this assertion. In framing your answer, be sure to consider relevant chapters in Jones and Merrill/Paterson. -What won the war? Partially due to Seward’s policy and Adam’s action in keeping Europe (especially Britain) out of the South. (class notes 10/19) -Jefferson Davis knew that the North would win in a long war. They had superior numbers, resources, and manufacturing capacity. His goal: keep the war short by seeking European (British) aid (class notes 10/19/07) -Failure of South’s King Cotton diplomacy and cotton embargo. British leadership was incensed by the South’s “economic blackmail” (McPhearson, M/P 273) A surplus of raw cotton existed in Britain by the end of 1861, due to previous years’ bumper crops. By 1862, Britain began to purchase raw cotton from Egypt and India (Jones 203-204) -British assistance in fleet construction for the South would have been crucial. “The destruction of Boston alone would equal a hundred victories in the field.” (Charles F. Adams, M/P 271). In total, 250 Union vessels fell victim to British-built Confederate vessels. The Florida and the Alabama alone destroyed or captured over 100 union vessels (Jones 204-205) -Lord Palmerston was a practitioner of Realpolitik. South could only gain independence by demonstrating that they were going to win the war. This appeared increasingly likely as 1862 progressed. (McPhearson, M/P 279)
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- Essay 2 : Analyze and compare the ways in which three of the following four makers of US foreign policy conducted foreign affairs: Seward, Cleveland, McKinley, T. Roosevelt. In your essay you will be expected to discuss: the nature of the problems faced by each policymaker; the objectives of each; the methods of each; the results of each. Seward: The Nature of the Problem: The Union needed to prevent European involvement in the war, whether that involvement was a call for armistice, an offer of mediation, or full recognition of the Confederacy. Any of these actions would confer legitimacy to the South, and ultimately assist their move towards independence by “opening the door to foreign assistance”. (Jones 188) Objective: Britain, as the preeminent global power and maritime force, would likely determine how Europe would behave towards the southern successionists. Seward’s main
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