Abnormal Ch 1

Abnormal Ch 1 - CHAPTER ONE Abnormal psychology - many...

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CHAPTER ONE Abnormal psychology - many definitions have been proposed, yet none is universally accepted. Most definitions, however, share some common features… “The Four Ds” Deviance – Different, extreme, unusual From behaviors , thoughts, and emotions considered normal in a specific place and time and by specific people From social norms Stated and unstated rules for proper conduct in a given society or culture Examples? Judgments of deviance also depend on specific circumstances (i.e., social context) According to many clinical guidelines, behavior must be personally distressing before it can be labeled abnormal. Not always the case Examples? John Karr? Dysfunction – Causes interference with life Abnormal behavior tends to be dysfunctional – it interferes with daily functioning Culture has an influence on determinations of dysfunction, as well Dysfunction alone does not necessarily indicate psychological abnormality Danger – Poses risk of harm Abnormal behavior may become dangerous to oneself or others Behavior may be careless, hostile, or confused Although cited as a feature of psychological abnormality, being dangerous is the exception rather than the rule Ultimately, each society selects the general criteria for defining abnormality and then uses those criteria to judge particular cases Szasz argues that, because of the influence of culture, the whole concept of mental illness is invalid Deviations called “abnormal” are only “problems of living” Societies use the concept of mental illness to control those who threaten social order (how might the pending DSM diagnosis of PMS control?) What Is Treatment ? Once abnormality is determined, clinicians attempt to treat it Treatment (or therapy) is a procedure designed to change abnormal behavior into more normal behavior It, too, requires careful definition… According to Jerome Frank, all forms of therapy have three essential features: 1) A sufferer who hopes the healer can provide relief 2) A trained, socially acceptable healer, whose expertise is accepted by the sufferer and his or her social group
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This note was uploaded on 05/14/2008 for the course PSYCH 107 taught by Professor Bluhm during the Spring '07 term at Allegheny.

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Abnormal Ch 1 - CHAPTER ONE Abnormal psychology - many...

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