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Unformatted text preview: ABNORMAL CHAPTER 9: MOOD DISORDER TREATMENTS Mood disorders as extraordinarily painful and disabling as they tend to be respond more successfully to more kinds of treatments than do most other forms of psychological dysfunction Psychological approaches to treating unipolar depression come from the three main models: Psychodynamic Widely used despite no strong research evidence of its effectiveness Behavioral Primarily used for mild or moderate depression but practiced less than in past decades Cognitive Has performed so well in research that it has a large and growing clinical following Psychodynamic therapy Believing that unipolar depression results from unconscious grief over real or imagined losses, compounded by excessive dependence on other people, psychodynamic therapists seek to bring these issues into consciousness and work through them Psychodynamic therapists use the same basic procedures for all psychological disorders: Free association Therapist interpretation Despite successful case reports, researchers have found that long-term psychodynamic therapy is only occasionally helpful in cases of unipolar depression Two features may be particularly limiting: Depressed clients may be too passive or weary to fully participate in clinical discussions Depressed clients may become discouraged and end treatment too early when treatment doesnt provide fast relief Short-term approaches have performed better than traditional approaches Behavioral therapy Lewinsohn, whose theory tied a persons mood to his/her life rewards, developed a behavioral therapy for unipolar depression in the 1970s: Reintroduce clients to pleasurable activities and events, often using a weekly schedule Appropriately reinforce their depressive and nondepressive behaviors Use a contingency management approach Help them improve their social skills...
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