arnoldd - Arnold Friend English 113 In "Where Are You...

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Arnold Friend English 113 In “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” Joyce Carol Oates’ creates the character of Arnold Friend to be the enemy. He is intense and powerful, and as the story continues he is like a dark cloud that weighs heavy on Connie. Arnold Friend is the physical symbol of the devil and his control allows him to know and abuse Connie’s insecurities for his own uses. One way Oates showed that Arnold was the devil was describing his car. Oates describes Arnold’s car as “a convertible jalopy painted gold,” (Oates 512) and later in the story Connie easily recognizes the car as it pulls into her driveway. The car is smashed up, and written on. As quoted in Tierce and Crafton, “Schultz and Rockwood. ..persist in having Arnold as the demon and Connie is doomed” (Tierce & Crafton 530). Many critics, such as Schultz and Rockwood believe that Arnold Friend is a daydream, or a fantasy lover conjured up by Connie. However, it is interesting to note that when Arnold comes to Connie’s house he remains in and speaks with her only in the doorway. He promises and states that he has no intention of going in without an invitation. He is unable to go into the house without being invited. This is a characteristic of the Devil.
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course ENG 121 taught by Professor Howard during the Fall '08 term at Sinclair CC.

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arnoldd - Arnold Friend English 113 In "Where Are You...

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