LM ch. 11 malott

LM ch. 11 malott - Learning and Memory Chapter 11 Malott...

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Learning and Memory: Chapter 11 – Malott Learned Reinforcers and Learned Aversive Stimuli Ex. Psychotic Talk - Helen talks about men chasing her and an illegitimate child - Some of the most powerful learned reinforcers are social reinforcers - Even negative attention is more reinforcing than no attention - One of the best ways to get attention in an institution is to act bizarre - Decision to Ignore Helen when she’s talking in a delusional way, but pay a lot of attention to her when she acts normal - Bootleg reinforcement (unauthorized – not part of the intervention) How are learned reinforcers acquired - Unlearned reinforcer – a stimulus that is a reinforcer, though not as a result of pairing with another reinforcer - Learned reinforcer (secondary or conditioned reinforcer) – a stimulus that is a reinforcer because it has been paired with another reinforcer o Once something becomes a learned reinforcer, it functions just like an unlearned reinforcer o Increases the frequency of any behavior it immediately follows - Pairing procedure – the pairing of a neutral stimulus with a reinforcer or aversive stimulus o It’s not clear how immediate the pairing should be o Result of pairing procedure is value-altering principle - Value-altering principle – the pairing procedure converts a neutral stimulus into a learned reinforcer or learned aversive stimulus Ex. Socializing Jimmy - dysfunctional learning – labeled autistic - Often children with serious deficits in learned behaviors have not learned to value attention or approval - Most of our behavior is learned through social interaction, if a child does not value attention and approval, they will never learn to act normally - Pairing a variety of forms of approval and attention with a variety of powerful
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2008 for the course PSYC 305 taught by Professor Lavond during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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LM ch. 11 malott - Learning and Memory Chapter 11 Malott...

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