2008-02-27 ENGL Study Guide

2008-02-27 ENGL Study Guide - STUFF YOU SHOULD KNOW KNOW A...

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1. Assonance, Consonance, and Alliteration a. assonance – the repetition of vowel sounds Spot-roo ted, buo yed, aloo f b. consonance – the repetition of consonant sounds Friendless and faint, with martyred s teps and s low i. alliteration – a special kind of consonance in which consonant sounds are repeated only at the beginning of words The b ig b lack b ellicose b lueberry 2. Anaphora – the repetition of a word at the beginning of poetic lines a. here is an example of anaphora: And acknowledge red, yellow, white, playing within me, And consider green and violet and tufted crown intentional, And do not call the tortoise unworthy because she is not something else, And the jay in the woods never studied the gamut, yet trills pretty well to me, And the look of the bay mare shames silliness out of me 3. Perfect and Slant Rhyme a. perfect rhyme – a rhyme in which the last syllable of one word sounds the same as the last syllable of another mother brother green Listerine b. slant rhyme – a rhyme in which the last syllable of one word sounds similar to but not the same as the last syllable of another blurt S TUFF Y OU S HOULD K NOW A S TUDY G UIDE TO H ELP Y OU P REP FOR T EST #1
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fart mix convex 4. Feet – poetic feet are units of stressed and/or unstressed syllables a. Here are the five feet with which you’ll want to get familiar: i. iamb – an iamb comprises one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable Good PIL / grim, YOU / do WRONG / your HAND / too MUCH, Which MANN / erLY / deVO / tion SHOWS / in THIS; For SAINTS / have HANDS / that PIL / grims’ HANDS / do TOUCH, And PALM / to PALM / is HO / ly PALM / ers’ KISS ii. trochee – a trochee comprises one stressed syllable followed by one unstressed syllable IN what / DIStant / DEEPS or / SKIES BURNT the / FIre / OF thine / EYES? ON what / WINGS dare / HE a / SPIRE? WHAT the / HAND dare / SEIZE the / FIRE? iii. anapest – an anapest comprises two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable The AssY / rian came DOWN / like a WOLF / on the FOLD And his CO / horts were GLEA / ming in PUR / ple and gold And the SHEEN / of their SPEARS / was like STARS / on the SEA When the BLUE / wave rolls NIGHT / ly on DEEP / GaliLEE iv. dactly – a dactyl comprises one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables STORMED at with / SHOT and shell BOLDly they / RODE and well INto the / JAWS of death INto the / MOUTH of hell v. spondee – a spondee comprises two stressed syllables
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2008-02-27 ENGL Study Guide - STUFF YOU SHOULD KNOW KNOW A...

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