LM ch.4 malott

LM ch.4 malott - Learning Memory Chapter 4 Malott...

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Punishment (Positive Punishment) - Bruxism – grinding one’s teeth - Punishment contingency : response-contingent presentation of an aversive condition (negative reinforcer) resulting in a decreased frequency of that response o Punishment principle : a response becomes less frequent if an aversive stimulus or an increase in an aversive stimulus has followed it in the past o Fundamental principle of behavior o An aversive stimulus is one we tend to minimize contact with o Self-injurious behavior - independent variable is cause, dependent variable is effect - multiple baseline design o across-subjects o across-behaviors o across-settings Escape v. Punishment - reinforcement makes a response more frequent, punishment makes a response less frequent - gentle teaching: a combination of standard behavioral training techniques with the teaching quietly technique - visual screening: covering the subjects eyes for 5 seconds - whenever you have a punishment contingency, you must also have a
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2008 for the course PSYC 305 taught by Professor Lavond during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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LM ch.4 malott - Learning Memory Chapter 4 Malott...

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