The tremendous history of Bali has not always been as beautiful as the lush environment it inhabits

The tremendous history of Bali has not always been as beautiful as the lush environment it inhabits

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Alex Engemann Anthropology 263g Film Journal 3 The tremendous history of Bali has not always been as beautiful as the lush environment it inhabits. The beginning of the Balinese society was over 2000 years ago. Sanskrit poetry was important to the early Balinese and they became a tribal society. Chiefs ruled over the people. Eventually, Hindu priests came from India and brought their texts. These texts soon became followed by Balinese as a model for Balinese society. Poetry then became very prevalent, at which point Kings ruled the country with priests well into the 1900’s. By this time, Balinese had become a developed society with exports like rice. Coincidentally this was the same time the Dutch empire decided that it needed to control the rice trade as well. When the Dutch came, they wiped out most of the Balinese army using their cannons, while the Balinese lost every battle with their swords. The royal courts became “last stands” and each one was systematically slaughtered. In 1906, the last royal court at Klung Klung walked into the gunfire dressed in their traditional clothes because they would rather die than surrender. This “Puputan” or “Finish,” marked the end of the real fighting. All of the Balinese temples survived and their culture lived on past the war. In 1947, after the Japanese drove out the Dutch, the Balinese were granted independence. In 1969, an airport was built that paved the way for a 300,000 tourist-per-year industry. The radio, tape recorder, and television also lead to a better communication within the country. Despite all the updated technology, the arts remained a mainstay of society, namely poetry, music, and theater. Artistic performances in Bali are believed to be connected to gods. Performance is considered an offering to gods and demons. These
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2007 for the course ANTH 263g taught by Professor Seaman during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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The tremendous history of Bali has not always been as beautiful as the lush environment it inhabits

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