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Unformatted text preview: War and Revolution in Europe 10/10/2007 10:59:00 ← The Crisis of the ancien regime. • Enlightenment critiques (philosophers, Montesquieu) • Public Opinion ← Foreign Policy Failures ← ← Crisis of the Nobility ← ← The Third Estate and the critique of privileges. • They are bringing in a lot of the grievances from the other areas into Versailles. ← ← Financial and economic crisis • Government bankruptcy • Failure of economic and tax reforms (Calonne, Necker) • Harvest Failure of 1789 • May 1788: Louis XVI agrees to convoke Estates General. o The Third estate brings in the grievances into the Estates General and the question at this point is whether reform is possible at this point or not. o The Nobility wants to return to feudalism, where the king can’t do anything without noble consent. o The third estate wants equal representation, whereas the Nobility wants to go back to the time of feudalism. o The first estate and second estate have roughly 300 representatives....
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