ANSELM and POE

ANSELM and POE - 1) Anselm's ontological argument. a....

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1) Anselm’s ontological argument. a. Definition of God – GREATEST possible being (in terms of positive attributes) b. All –good, All – powerful, All – knowing c. Unlike Aquinas and Paley he is proving that the correct God exists, using the same definitions. d. Existence in the understanding vs. Existence in reality (Sherlock Holmes exist in the understanding but not in reality, Frasier hall exists in the understanding and reality) e. Notion of possibility 1. Very loose notion 2. Something is possible so long as its not ruled out by logic (contradiction) ex. Square circles, 4 sided triangles, etc. 2) To prove God exists a. Assume God doesn’t exist in reality (he’s starting from the fool’s position) b. God exists in the understanding (premise) c. God = greatest possible being (premise/definition) d. If something exists in the understanding but not in reality than its possible for that thing to be greater than it is (i.e. it could be greater by actually existing) (premise) e. f. g. It’s possible for the greatest possible being to be greater than it is (3 & 6) (contradiction if he is right he ahs proven God has to exist) h. Therefore God exists (in reality) 3) Objections to Anselm a. Guarillo’s objections 1. Coming up with an objective greatest possible whatever is difficult (hard for everyone to agree) 2. Assumes greatest possible being is understood the same why be everyone 3. The argument is TOO POWERFUL allows you to prove too much – things we know are false (it defines things in to existence just from our ideas!!!) 4.
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This note was uploaded on 05/14/2008 for the course PHIL 140 taught by Professor Nathancox during the Spring '08 term at Kansas.

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ANSELM and POE - 1) Anselm's ontological argument. a....

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