Outline - Classical Tech (9-15-03)

Outline - Classical Tech (9-15-03) - 1 2 The Classical...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 2 The Classical Contribution to Technology The Place of Technology in the Classical World } Greece Great philosophical but modest technological achievements } Rome More noted for technologies--particularly for organization, mobilization, and building 3 Greek attitudes toward technology } "the arts" -- the work of slaves arts" 4 Xenophon on the crafts } "the mechanical arts carry a social stigma and are rightly dishonored in our cities" } Workers "are looked upon as bad friends and bad patriots" The Relationship between Technology and Science in the Classical World } Plato & Aristotle } --although disdaining technology, they freely used observations of craftsmen at work 5 6 Archimedes (287-212 BC) } Mathematician } Natural philosopher Statics Hydraulics } Inventor 7 Speculative Technology } Hero of Alexandria Technology seen as a means to "trick" or deceive Nature trick" "Machination" = a deception Machination" 8 9 10 11 Hero's temple doors Hero' Hero's steam engine Hero' Building & Civil Engineering The Aesthetic Sense--Greek architecture Order Harmony 12 Architectural orders } Ionic order 1 13 Architectural orders } Corinthian order 14 15 16 17 Doric temple Athens--the Acropolis The Parthenon The Imperial Accomplishment--Rome Cities Building Technology _ Cement masonry _ Arch & vault construction 18 19 20 21 Basic Roman town plan Cities of the Roman Empire Roman Road network Aqueducts--model of Roman Technology } Mastery of stone and cement } Sophisticated water supply } Versatility of arch construction 22 23 24 Aqueducts -- Pont du Gard Aqueducts -- Pont du Gard QUESTION } What was the primary difference between the Greek and the Roman attitudes toward technology? 2 ...
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