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Outline - Newton (10-22-03)

Outline - Newton (10-22-03) - 1 2 The Newtonian Order...

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1 1 The Newtonian Order 2 Mechanization of the World Picture The Clockwork Universe The Search for Systems The Need for a New Paradigm 3 Experimentalists “The Experimental Philosophy” 4 Evangelista Torricelli (1608-1647) barometer 5 Robert Boyle (1627-1691) Chief of experiments for the Royal Society Experiments with air pumps (yielding “Boyle’s Law” for gases) 6 Boyle Boyle’ s air pump s air pump 7 Robert Robert Hooke Experiments with microscope Experiments with microscope 8 Isaac Newton (1642-1727) Newton's "Miracle Year" (Annus Mirabilis): 1665-66 9 Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (the Principia --1687) The key book in synthesizing a new physics 10 Principia: Key elements: Definitions: mass, force, etc. Laws of Motion Universal Gravitation proportional to masses of attracting bodies inversely proportional to square of the distance 11 Principia : Key elements: Calculus ("Method of Fluxions") --also claimed by Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716) 12 The Principia accounts for: Orbit and period of the moon Kepler's Laws Parabolic paths of comets The tides
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