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Unformatted text preview: 1 1 The Newtonian Order 2 Mechanization of the World Picture ß The Clockwork Universe ß The Search for Systems ß The Need for a New Paradigm 3 Experimentalists ß “The Experimental Philosophy” 4 Evangelista Torricelli (1608-1647) ß barometer 5 Robert Boyle (1627-1691) ß Chief of experiments for the Royal Society ß Experiments with air pumps (yielding “Boyle’s Law” for gases) 6 Boyle Boyle ’s air pump s air pump 7 Robert Robert Hooke Hooke ß Experiments with microscope Experiments with microscope 8 Isaac Newton (1642-1727) ß Newton's "Miracle Year" (Annus Mirabilis): 1665-66 9 Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (the Principia--1687) ß The key book in synthesizing a new physics 10 Principia: Key elements: ß Definitions: mass, force, etc. ß Laws of Motion ß Universal Gravitation ß proportional to masses of attracting bodies ß inversely proportional to square of the distance 11 Principia : Key elements: ß Calculus ("Method of Fluxions") ß--also claimed by Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716)...
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course HIST 175 taught by Professor Friedel during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.
- Fall '08
- Isaac Newton