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Unformatted text preview: 1 2 The New World
The Meaning of the European Expansion
} "1492 and all that" that" European discovery of the entire globe Expansion of the cosmos 3 The Renaissance
} Appreciation and search for novelty--for other "New Worlds" Worlds" } Liberation from tradition 4 Printing
} Fundamental change in communications ---one of history's most important history' inventions for this reason alone 5 Printing--additional reasons for importance
} 1) We know who, when & where printing was invented } 2) Printing spread with tremendous speed } 3) Printing represented a technological system 6 Paper
} Before printing made technological sense -- inexpensive paper was required 7 Papermaking
} Originated in China 1st-2nd century AD In Islamic world by the 8th century Reaches Europe about the 13th century 8 Papermaking
} Required waterpower and linen rags for manufacture 9 Papermaking
} One of the earliest (along with gunpowder) specialized manufactures 10 Before Printing
} Paper used for prints (illustrations) Woodcuts Engravings (copperplate) 11 12 13 Johannes Gutenberg Great Bible (1455-56) Rapid Spread of Printing
} 30-35,000 different editions } 15-20 million volumes printed 1450-1500 1 14 Printing and Technology
} Books are used to record and disseminate technical knowledge } Illustrations become a particularly important means for spreading technical information 15 16 17 G. Agricola: De Re Metallica (On Metals), 1556 Agricola--a Mine Hoist The Renaissance & the Technological Imagination
} The Machine Books Technology becomes a subject not only of reporting but of the imagination 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Machine books Machine books Machine books Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Leonardo da Vinci Leonardo's machinery Leonardo's Flying Machine QUESTION:
} It has been claimed that printing was the single most important invention in the last 1000 years. Do you agree? Why or why not? 2 ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2008 for the course HIST 175 taught by Professor Friedel during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.
- Fall '08
- Leonardo Da Vinci