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FHC AP BiologyYour Name _______Mounir Jamal_______College Board Practice Long Essay - A Certain Prairie CommunityIn a certain prairie community, a dominant prairie grass species has recently been infected with avirus that disrupts one of the electron transport proteins in the chloroplasts of infected cells.(a) Describe the most likely effects on cellular processes (be specific as to which processes and molecules are mostlikely to be directly affected).(b) Describe and explain the most likely effects on individual infected plants.(c) Predict the short-term effects (within a year of infection) on the infected plant populations and their communities.Justify your prediction.(d) Predict the long-term effects (years to decades after the infection) on the infected plant populations and theircommunities.Justify your prediction.(a)The ATP production stops and the plant fails to produce enough energy to develop basic needs. Most of these energy-requiring processes are mainly the anabolic activities like fatty acid synthesis, cell wall synthesis, starch production. Most viruses cause these processes to slow down. Viruses will also