Ch 2 The American Pagent - The Planting of English America...

This preview shows page 1 - 7 out of 21 pages.

The Planting of English America 1500 - 1733 Chapter 2
Protestant Reformation Martin Luther Ninety-five Theses (1517) Condemned many practices of Catholic church including indulgences Did not believe people could win grace through good deeds Wanted to reduce role of clergy Bible, not Church was focus of faith Holy Roman Emperor, King of Spain sought to imprison Luther, but German princes protected him Spark for religious conflict in Europe
England’s Imperial Stirrings Henry VIII then Elizabeth I made England leader of Protestant Europe Creates Anglican Church (Church of England) in 1534 Establishes England as religious rival to Catholic Spain Virgin Queen Elizabeth (ascend to throne 1558) Reinforced Protestant beliefs and opposition to Catholicism Some believed she kept too many “anti-Christian” practices Wanted to make England powerful Attacked Irish Built up England’s navy Authorized pirates to attack Spanish settlements as a way to spread Protestantism and gain revenue for England Sea Dogs British pirates who raided Spanish galleons Sir Francis Drake was most famous
First British Attempts at Colonization Sir Humphrey Gilbert (1583) Attempted settlements in Newfoundland to help English trade and give jobs to unemployed failed in attempt to create a colony Sir Walter Raleigh (1585) Roanoke created in North Carolina Disappeared by 1590 “Croatoan” Early failures led to creation of joint stock company to fund colony people buy shares of stock in investment allows more money available for exploration
England Eclipses Spain Spanish Armada (1588) Philip II of Spain wanted to restore Catholicism to England Navies fought in English Channel “Protestant Wind” blows and scatters Spanish Navy British defeat Spanish Armada Led to decline of Spain and rise of Britain England becomes dominant North American power Dutch Independence (1566-1581) Britain supported revolt of Dutch against Spain Treaty of London (1604) Peace established between England and Spain Creates sense of optimism and confidence in England
Spread Protestant Christianity, especially Puritanism

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture