A.P. U.S. HistoryChapter 3: Settling the Northern Colonies1619-1700
❧Most settlers in the Northern and Middle Colonies came for religious freedom and separation instead of being lured by wealth as settlers in the South had been.❧Most religious dissidents that came to America were various sects of Calvinists(Puritans, Presbyterians, French Huguenots, Dutch Reformed, etc)
•Puritans: religious separatists from England who wanted to “purify” the Church of England from Catholic practices. They believed that they should saintly lives with others of their faith away from the corruption of the “un-saved.”•King Henry VIII aided the entrance of the Protestant religion in to England when he broke from the Catholic church (over a divorce!)•Pilgrims- a group of Puritans who left England in 1608 and lived in Holland as outcasts. They were concerned with the “Dutchification” of their children so they received permission from the Virginia Company to live and work in Jamestown.
Pilgrims•102 came to America aboard the Mayflower,although less than half were Puritans.•They were blown off course and landed way North in New England.•They actually took a number of preliminary surveys and settled on Plymouth Bay (They didn’t wash ashore on Plymouth Rock).•The settlement was outside the domain of the Virginia Company so the settlers had no permission to settle there or form a government.
Mayflower Compact•A crude agreement (not a constitution) that the settlers agreed to, wherein they submitted to the will of the majority. This is a step toward self government.•It did set a precedent for local-rule by colonists in the future.•It laid the path for democracy in America down the road.
•The Pilgrims saw themselves as conducting a “holy experiment” living separate lives, away from non-believers, with self-imposed strictness.•Found moderate success furs, fishing, and lumber.•The first Thanksgivingwas celebrated the second Fall in 1621.•Had a much easier time and lower casualties than Jamestown.•Had strong and able leaders like William Bradford (elected governor 30 times).Pilgrims
❧The Massachusetts Bay Company secured a charter in 1629.