Ch 6 The American Pagent - A.P U.S History Chapter 6 The...

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A.P. U.S. History Chapter 6: The Duel for North America 1608-1763
3 Nations vied for world domination in the 17th and 18th centuries: Spain, France, and England The French established Quebec in 1608 as their first colony (New France) in the new world. New France was under total control of the French crown and the colonists enjoyed much less freedom and self-rule than the British colonies in America.
By 1750 only 60,000 colonists inhabited New France compared to over 2 million in the 13 British American colonies. The French were allied with the Huron Indians, and helped them fight the Iroquois Confederation in the upper N.Y. area. So the Iroquois allied themselves with the British.
New France’s one valuable commodity was furs, especially beaver. See map of fur posts in North America on pg 108 The fur trappers trapped the beaver to near extinction and exposed Native Americans to white culture, disease, trade goods, and alcohol.
Antoine Cadillac founded Detroit in 1701 Robert de La Salle floated down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico in 1682 and named the interior basin Louisiana in honor of Louis XIV. Controll of this river was vital to this American regon. The French founded New Orleans in 1718. They wanted to Compete with the Spanish Empire The French founded trading posts at Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and Vincennes in the Ohio River area.
King William’s War (1689-1697) and Queen Anne’s War (1702- 1713) were early clashes between British colonists and French in North America. Neither France nor Britain committed any troops to these as they didn’t see these colonies worth the expense. The real money was coming from the Caribbean at that point. Spain sided with France in these early wars. King William III of Prussia
The War of Jenkin’s Ear (1739) was fought between the British and Spanish in the Caribbean and Georgia, where James Oglethorpe earned his reputation as a soldier. British captain Jenkins was captured by the Spanish and had his ear cut off and his captures sent him packing with the ear and threatened to do the same to his king. The War of Jenkin’s Ear merged with the larger War of Austrian Succession in Europe and was called King George’s War in America. France allied itself with Spain again.
New England colonists invaded New France and took the French fort at Louisbourg (see map on pg 112) but the peace settlement gave it back to the French.

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