Final exam O chem study guide

Final exam O chem study guide - primary and secondary...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY CHAPTER study guide in addition to page 5 of Exam 4: Basic alkane nomenclature Tertiary, Secondary, Primary carbons Definition of unsaturation sp, sp 2 , sp 3 hybridization in organic molecules Characteristics of multiple bonds: hybridization, isomerism, lack of rotation Geometric isomerism: cis- trans - isomers Relationship between structure and physical properties such as melting point, boiling point: e.g. spherical shape versus linear (zig-zag) shape -- former more volatile because of less contact between molecules. Recognize different functional groups: Alkenes, Alkynes, Ethers, Alcohols, Aldehydes, Ketones, Carboxylic acids, Esters, Amines, Aromatic rings. What constitutes oxidation/reduction in organic molecules? Gain of oxygens (or other e- neg. atoms, and loss of hydrogens both constitute oxidation. Oxidation products of
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: primary and secondary alcohols. -- Aldehydes (if mild conditions), Ketones from secondary. Distinguish primary, secondary, tertiary amines Oxidation product of an aldehyde -- Carboxylic acids Reaction between acids and alcohols to yield esters + water Addition polymerization of alkenes Condensation polymerization (to give polyesters, polyamides such as Nylon, etc. ) Byproduct of condensation polymerization -- a small molecule such as water Deduce monomer units from a polymeric structure Repeating unit of a polymer -( )-n Characteristics of a strong polymer -- molecular weight, high crystallinity, strong intermolecular forces (e.g. H-bonding as in Nylon), lack of branching (e.g. High density polyethylene) Crosslinking -- connects individual polymer chains imparting strength and rigidity to polymer (e.g. vulcanized rubber, Bakelite)...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/05/2008 for the course CHEM 1B taught by Professor Hagopian during the Spring '06 term at Irvine Valley College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online