chermak test 1

chermak test 1 - FORM A - Exam 1 Name (required) —...

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Unformatted text preview: FORM A - Exam 1 Name (required) — Copyright JAC 2-20-08 1) The country(s) that are currently leading the world in the use of and research in solar technologies include; 1) Canada 5) United States 2) Japan 6) l + 5 3) Germany 7) 2 + 3 4) Norway 8) 2 + 3 + 5 2) Electricity in Virginia is produced primarin from; 1) Petroleum 5) Hydroelectricity 2) Natural Gas 6) Solar power 3) Coal 7) Wind power 4) Nuclear Power 3) Democrats polled by the Economist think that is the most serious environmental problem facing the world today 1) Damage to the ozone layer 5) Deforestation 2) Air pollution 6) Water pollution 3) Global warming 7) None of the above 4) Extinction of plant and animal species 4) m Republicans and Democrats polled by the Economist think that is the most serious environmental problem facing the world today 1) Damage to the ozone layer 5) Deforestation 2) Air pollution 6) Water pollution 3) Global warming 7) None of the above 4) Extinction of plant and animal species 5) Climate scientists predict that by 2100 average earth temperatures will be; 1) the same as today 2) 1 degree Fahrenheit warmer 3) l —— 3 degrees Fahrenheit colder 4) 2 - 8 degrees Fahrenheit warmer 5) >8 degrees Fahrenheit warmer 6) Resource(s) that have seen substantial price increase(s) over the past 5 years 1) Copper 4) Aluminum 2) Gold 5) All of the above 3) Petroleum 6) 2 + 3 7) To achieve a higher standard of living, as the size of a population increascs the amount of resource use needs to 1) increase at the same rate as population growth 2) increase at a SIOWer rate than population growth 3) increase at a faster rate than population growth 4) decrease at the same rate as population growth 8) Based on the short POpulation Growth video you saw in class, which event led to a drastic decrease in population across the world, especially in Europe, during the 14th century? 1) Black Plague 2) Maj or volcanic eruptions 3) Particularly intense warfare 4) The Last Ice Age 5) Plate Tectonics 9) What is sustainability?“ 1) Development that can be maintained for over 10 years 2) The ability of a population to sustain it’s growth 3) The ability to meet the needs of a society without jeopardizing the needs of future generations 4) The ability to exploit a resource indefinitely 10) Forests remove from the atmosphere and add to the atmosphere 1) oxygen, carbon dioxide 2) nitrogen, carbon dioxide 3) oxygen, nitrogen 4) carbon dioxide, nitrogen _ 5) carbon dioxide, oxygen 6) methane, oxygen -. 11) Is the chemical reSponsible for the observed deaths of cats on the island of Borneo 1) Arsenic - 2) DDT (DichloroDiphenlerichloroethane) 3) Mercury I 4) Cyanide 5) Carbon dioxide (C02) 6) None of the above 12) Of the elements listed, which metal is consumed in the least amount? 1) Sodium 2) Uranium 3) Aluminum 4) Iron 13) The quickest, cheapest, and most effective way to reduce the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is to 1) Plant trees to consume more carbon dioxide 2) Stop deforestation 3) Add iron to the oceans to promote plankton growth 4) Increase conservation activities and the efficiency of energy use 5) Inject it into the subsurface to make carbonates 14) Largest energy source that Virginia uses (greatest number of BTUs) 1) Nuclear 5) Coal 2) Hydroelectric 6) Natural Gas 3) Wind 7) Solar 4) Petroleum 15) The ecuntry with the highest rate of production of carbon dioxide per capita is: 1) China 2) Great Britain 3) India 4) United States of America 5) Japan 6) Spain 16) Average fuel economy in the US for cars (in mpg) is higher than 1) Japan 2) European Union 3) China A 4) All of the above 5) None of the above 17) Based on today’s technologies, energy efficient alternatives for liquid fuels in automobiles include; 1) Ethanol 4) All of the above 2) Bio-diesel 5) None of the above 3) Electric motors 6) 1 + 2 18) Copper used to make copper wire is an example of: l) A nonrenewable resource 2) A metallic resource 3) A scarce metal 4) All of the above 19) Rocks that are formed by internal processes include: 1) Sedimentary 5) 1 + 2 2) Igneous 6) l + 3 3) Metamorphic 7) 2 + 3 4) All of the above 20) Fossil fuels provide approximately % of the total energy we use in the US 1) 10% 4) 85% 2) 25% 5) 99% 3) 50% 21) The Developing Nations have M% of the World population and represent approximately__% of the world’s wealth. 1) 5, 25 4) 50, 35 2) 10, 25 5) 30, 15 3) 20, 85 6) 99, 15 22) Over the last 45 years the World’s population has increase by approximately l) 1 billion people 4) 4 billion people 2) 2 billion people 5) 6 billion people 3) 3 billion people 6) 300 million people 23) Approximately how many people can the earth sustain without degradation of the natural environment if everyone has the same standard of living as people in Mexico: ' 1) 1 billion 4) 20 billion 2) 2 billion 5) 40 billion 3) 6 billion 24) Which of these elements are considered abundant in the earth’s crust: 1) Silicon 6) 1+ 3 2) Aluminum 7) 1+2+4 3) Gold 8) 2 + 4 4) Iron 9) 3 + 4 5) All of the above 25) Which of the following are considered non-renewable resources? 1) petroleum 5) all of the above 2) wind 6) l + 4 3) nuclear 7) 2 + 3 4)coal 8)1+3+4 26) Wind used to generate electricity is a, I) renewable, nonmetallic resource 2) renewable, energy resource 3) non—renewable, nonmetallic resource 4) non-renewable, energy resource 5) None of the above 27) Water from a river used in the manufach of an automobile is a, 1) renewable, nonmetallic resource 2) renewable, energy resource 3) non—renewable, nonmetallic resource 4) non-renewable, energy resource 5) None of the above // ' it 28) In the quantity (y-axis) versus time (X—azxis) graph above, line 2 represents, 1) Resource growth 2) Population growth 3) Reserve replenishment 4) None of the above 29) Based on classification of resources with similar uses and/or properties, Wood used to heat a house would be considered; 1) Renewable 2) An energy resource 3) Non-renewable _ 4) A non—metallic resource 31+2 n2+3 6) 1 + 4 8) 3 + 4 30) The environmental problem that is causing the biggest impact and is the root of all other environmental problems, and/or greatly exacerbates them, is; 1) Poverty 2) Degradation of habitats 3) Extinction of species 4) Pollution 5) Overpopulation 6) Increasing resource use 31) Oxygen is found in; 1) Atmosphere 6) l + 2 2) Biosphere 7) l + 2 + 3 3) Lithosphere 4) 'Hydrosphere 5) All of the above 32) Average earth temperatures over the past 20 years are; 1) increasing 2) decreasing 3) remained relatively constant 33) Extracting, processing, and using mineral resources 1) Requires enormous amounts of energy 2) Causes land disturbance and erosion 3) Produces large volumes of waste 4) Releases chemicals into the atmosphere $1+2+3 ' ‘ 6) All of the above 34) Concerns of ethanol production using current biomass technology include, 1) Use for fuel not food 2) Shifting from one food crop to a fuel crop 3) Water consumption 4) Large amount of land required 5) Consumes more energy than it produces 6) All of the above fl3+4 mi+2+3+4 35) Is the element that is mainly responsible for the Earth’s energy flux, 1) Hydrogen and it’s associated isotopes 2) Carbon and it’s associated isotopes 3) Uranium and it’s associated isotopes 4) Silica and it’s associated isotopes 36) Potential methods to reduce effects of global warming include, 1) Conservation 2) Solar power 3) Nuclear power 4) Plant more trees 5) Eating foods that are lower on the food chain 6) All of the above 7) 1 + 2 + 3 8) 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 37) Potential impacts that need to be assessed in evaluating the availability of resources include; 1) Water 2) Land 3) Air 4) Cultural 5) 1 + 2 6) l + 2 + 3 7) All of the above 3 8) What are the two most abundant elements in the Earth’s crust? 1) oxygen and nitrogen 2) oxygen and silicon 5) silicon and aluminum 3) sulfiir and iron 6) carbon and uranium 4) iron and magnesium 39) _ is the element hinnan’s consume the most of on a yearly basis 1) Iron 4) Aluminum 2) Sodium 5) Carbon 3) Silicon 6) Nitrogen True/False True —1 / False — 2 40) Cows are much more efficient at converting grain to meat when compared to chickens or pigs 41) Our class rated renewable energy research as one of the most important issues where you as taxpayers would like to see your tax dollars being spent 42) Europeans use approximately twice as much energy per capita as Americans. 43) Corn can be grown with almost no nitrogen fertilizer 44) Most of the future population growth will be in developed countries 45) Fission reactions are responsible for the Sun’s energy output 46) One third of the world’s population does not have access to electricity 47) In East Africa, UNICEF delivers medicines to remote communities in refrigerated units powered by photovoltaic cells mounted on the backs of camels 48) When a house switches to solar power, it is possible that the electric meter will run backwards . meaning that you are selling your unused electricity back to the power company 49) The vast—maj ority of the US primary forests are still intact 50) Students in our class thought there were far more potential disadvantages to mining uranium in Virginia than there were potential advantages 51) Wind resources in Virginia are concentrated in the western and eastern parts of the state 52) Wind resources in Virginia are quite limited 53) The main reason for the observed price increases in metal prices is demand in developed countries 54) As discussed in class and in the book, an environmentalist is defined as a tree hugger 55) Bejing, China is actively finding ways to decrease their demands for energy 56) There is an approximate 95% energy savings realized when aluminum that has been recycled is used rather than aluminum that has been mined 57) The majority of the aluminum we use in the US is produced domestically 58) The Biosphere 2 project was quite suCcessful in designing a self-sustaining life-support system 59) The class results for the ecological footprint survey revealed that between 3 and 4 planet Earths are necessary to support our present lifestyle 60) Free one, pick true (number 1) ..T E: {II '23! ill ET: {.1233 E005 Printed in U.S.A. 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chermak test 1 - FORM A - Exam 1 Name (required) —...

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