Lecture #13 - Week 7 Lecture#2 Revolutions and...

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Week 7 Lecture #2- Revolutions and Rights -American Revolution: Declaration of Independence and Consititution – putting Englightenment principles into practice Many people who came from non anglocan backgrounds tended to be sympathetic to the American revolution, because many people related it with “the good old cause” (republicanism). There were also liberal anglocans, Whigs. American revolution made these people form coalitions and blocks which sets off a movement that results in deep political reform in Britain extended the franchise to all males who paid local taxes or owned property. Priestly and Price because intellectual leader of cause in Britain. They were hated and distrusted by authority. Used pulpits to argue for American cause. They dispised the “anglocan” rights, because minority religious people could only go to Scottish universities. America therefore fulfills leveler and diggers and completed the reforms that those in the 1640’s wanted. -British Reaction- Revives rights language; new reformers emerge, i.e. paine, priestley, price “good old cause” i.e. 17 th century revolution We see a revival in the rights of languages, in the American colonies, events in America had a deep impact on French. French people wanted to come in on the side of the Americans, send a huge land army on ship to America. -French Revolution – rights campaigns crystallize, but new problems appear – are people being “forced to be free”? American Revolution- -Intellectual origins: Enlightenment, Locke, English radicals of 17 th century especially Harrington and Montesquieu, separation of church and state, and also checks and balances -Thomaas Paine’s pamphlet, Common Sense (1776) common sense dictates that Americans need to declare their liberty and independence. “Nothing can settle our affairs so expeditiously as an open and determined declaration of Independence.” -Declaration of Independence, 1776, 1776 – Jefferson’s rhetoric of rights Declaration of Independence- Rousseau, Locke, Hobbes integral in these words. When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We
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hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2008 for the course GE CLUST 21A taught by Professor Jacob/hunt during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

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Lecture #13 - Week 7 Lecture#2 Revolutions and...

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