BIO Study Guide - Chapter 34-B Blood Gas Exchange A Blood...

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Chapter 34-B: Blood & Gas Exchange A. Blood What is plasma, and what are the major components of plasma?
What are the major cellular components (and their functions) of mammalian blood?
What is the general sequence of events that occurs in the formation of a blood clot?
B. Respiration Describe the basic respiratory mechanism in: fish gills; insects; birds; & human lungs. What makes the gill and bird respiratory systems so effective?
Why it’s efficient:
air sacs formed from enlarged portions of the tracheae are found near organs that require a large supply of oxygen rings of chitin keep tracheae open, allowing air to pass into smaller tubes called tracheoles tracheoles extend close to the surface of nearly every cell, where gas is exchanged by diffusion across the epithelium that lines the tips of the tracheal branches

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