Ryan Hand UNIVERSITY OF IOWA HISTORY 1403. WESTERN CIVILIZATION III: THE MODERN AGE FINAL EXAMINATION SECTION I. 50 minutes (40%). You will be given two questions from the following list. Answer one question only. 1. In what ways have political leaders influenced the course of history? Choose three examples of political leaders who have fundamentally changed the course of history since the eighteenth century, and explain how things were different because of their intervention. Of the three, choose at least one from the period before 1900. Support your argument with specific reference to historical events in context. Thesis: Three political leaders that have influenced the course of history are, Harry S. Truman, Adolf Hitler, and Napoleon Bonaparte. Body: Stalin: Leader of USSR in 1930s Took economy from depression to prosperity by forcefully introducing communism and pushing Russia into an industrial revolution. Launched a series of 5 year plans to transform the Soviet Union from a peasant society into and industrial powerhouse. Government took control over everything. Took farms from farmers to make an agricultural revolution. Lead the people to believe that there was always an enemy waiting to attack which lead to the cold war which included the introduction to nuclear weapons and the space race. o Biggest impact: Created an industrial revolution and took Russia from a state of peasantry into a powerhouse of industry. Adolf Hitler:
Ryan Hand Mass killings of Jewish people across Europe He sparked WWII by invasion of Poland. Remilitarized Germany when came to power. Totalitarian ruler in 1930s Like Napoleon, obsess with expansion and gaining territory through military power. Strong believer of anti-Semitism, believed the Arian race was supreme. Expansion of Germany began after WWI trying to gain back territory lost in the League of Nations treaty. Mass genocide of millions of Jews and non-Germans o Biggest Impact: Genocide impacted minorities around the world for generations to come, experimentation during genocide lead to many scientific findings. Napoleon Bonaparte: Early 19 th Century The Napoleonic Code. Still basis of law in France Napoleon’s implementation of Nationalism and doing anything for your country. Ended French Rev by creating an authoritarian state. Expanded enlightenment. Obsessed with military expansion. Attempt to create a world empire. Power hungry, totalitarian, military expansion
Ryan Hand o Why were things different? People saw a whole new type of rule they had never seen before as well as a new kind of military strategy making Napoleons innovations revolutionary for future generations. Conclusion: Without leaders like Napoleon, leaders like Stalin and Hitler would never existed. This shows that all history is just a chain of events linked together and without all three of these leaders and their dramatic impact they help our society forever our world would not be the same today.
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