German priest,monk scholar, protestan reformation movement begin with 95 theses. Rejecting and critizing the misuses of Papacy. This pewed the way for new Europe.Before that Holy Roman Empire was from being united. Component with dukes and princes, they were ruled under the bishops appointed by Pope. There was a political fragmentation. Evangelist movements just before Reform criticizing the Pope’s hegemony. The sole connection btw god and people was the holy book.Catholic ChurchPractice of IndulgenceNepotismImmense Wealth Heavy TaxesHe prepared a letter to the nobility of German Nation. It was written in German language for Germanic people.Translated bible as the soul source of information . Two estates: Temporal and Spiritual:He believed in the unity of Christian nations. Jurisdiction, Scripture,Council These are the only Pope’s business.The ideological and political motivation dates back to the Medieavel Era .Everyone is the priests, All of the Christians belong to Spiritual Domain.