Kimeisha Wright December 12,2016 Anthropology 272 The Legacy of Apartheid in South Africa Rough Draft Introduction: The Great Depression and World War II brought increasing economic crises to South Africa, and many were convinced that the government would be able to strengthen its policies of racial segregation. Apartheid, which in the Afrikaans language means “apart-ness” or “separateness,” was the system of racial discrimination and white political domination adopted by the South African National Party in 1948. Historically, apartheid had emerged from policies ofracial segregation which had been practiced since the first Europeans settled in South Africa in the seventeenth century. What the apartheid system ensured was that the political and economic supremacy of the white minority was secured. Racial segregation and the supremacy of whites had been traditionally accepted in South Africa prior to 1948, but in the general election of that year, Daniel F. Malan officially included the policy of apartheid in the Afrikaner Nationalist party platform, bringing his party to power for the first time. Although most whites acquiesced in the policy, there was bitter and sometimes bloody strife over the degree and stringency of its implementation.