The Rwandan Genocide, part 1 - The Rwandan Genocide part 1...

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1880-1959: German and Belgian Colonial rule 1959-1990: Revolution, Independence, Conflict October 1990-April 1994: Preparing Genocide April 6-June 1994: 100 Days of Genocide Terms Kigali Kinyarwanda Hutu Tutsi Mwami Hamitic Myth, or Hamitic Theory Hutu Emancipation Movement (MDR-Parmehutu) President Habyarimana Interahamwe Rwandan Patriotic Front (RFP) Rwandan Genocide was aftermath of European colonialism Due to policies, culture, and ideology that German and Belgian imperial powers introduced to the country Happened in a very brief amount of time: 100 days Shortest genocide, most thorough case of genocide with speed and scale 3/4 of Tutsi population was killed (800,000 Tutsi's) Rwanda's location: Above Tanzania Kigali: capital of Rwanda Size of about the state of Vermont In early 1990s: 7 million people lived there Tutsi: 15% § Hutu: 84% § Twa: less than 1% of population § Nearly 1/3 of country was illiterate Lots of lakes, "Land of a Thousand Hills" The RwandanGenocide, part 1: Thursday, October 27, 2016 2:00 PM
Lots of lakes, "Land of a Thousand Hills" 16th century Rwanda was controlled by Tutsi, Mwami Tutsi were elite § Hutus that were wealthy enough could become a Tutsi Join noble class § Very fluid § Hutu and Tutsis were very civil until about 19th century Intermarried § Could move in between groups § Differences became more defined and clear during colonial rule in 19th century Rwanda became independent under German rule after European conferences where African nations were divided to be ruled over by

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