Outline16 Depression and Mania

Outline16 Depression and Mania - Outline 16 Affective...

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1 Outline 16 Affective Disorders--Depression Reading for this outline: Section 18.2 of Chapter 18 "Affective Disorders: Depression and Mania" I. Overview A. “Affect” —overall emotional state In general, affective disorders are characterized by having moods, such as sadness or euphoria, which are extreme, abnormal and long-lasting. B. Depressive disorder The most prevalent (70%) of the psychiatric diseases/disorders. 3 major types: Unipolar depression Mania Bipolar disorder (or manic-depression) Major characteristics Sadness, grief, hopelessness and/or elation and euphoria are intense and occur inappropriately, e.g., well beyond or in the absence of substantial triggering events Other effects Extreme lack of self-confidence Poor ability to concentrate on anything other than the sadness Despair for the future Recurring thoughts of death and suicide Memory impairments Problems sleeping Problems with eating REM sleep disturbances —depressive patients take less time (approx 35 min) to enter the first REM sleep state than controls or those with minor depression Is the REM sleep disturbance a cause or and effect (or neither) of the depression?
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2 Brain differences? --In some depressives, frontal cortex and other areas have been found to be reduced in activity
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2008 for the course PSY 43950 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Outline16 Depression and Mania - Outline 16 Affective...

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