Introduction.docx externship - 1 Introduction Human...

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1. Introduction Human trafficking is a 'social evil' that seems to be growing at an alarming rate throughout the world. This practice results in unimaginable human suffering and represents one of the most important human rights violations of our time, resulting in a form of 'Modern Slavery'. For Bangladesh, this condition is more acute. In order to prevent this crime, human trafficking should be integrated as cross-cutting issue related to social protection from all sectors of the society. Bangladesh is one of the source countries as well as transit points for human trafficking. Every year thousands of people are trafficked out. In a study, it has been found that among the trafficking victims, the women and the children are in the most vulnerable position. From Bangladesh, around four hundred women and children are trafficked out every month (Sultana 2015). All these victims are abducted either for forced labor or for sexual exploitations. This article aims to discuss the present phenomena of human trafficking in Bangladesh. In the opening part of the article, the conceptual framework and the global perspective of human trafficking have been looked into. In the later part, the Bangladesh scenario and the gender and sex perspective of trafficking are explained with recent data and information. Methodology Scope of study Limitations Page 1
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2. Understanding Human Trafficking Trafficking The definition of the term “trafficking” is still ambiguous. No agreed upon definition on trafficking, from the international actors, has been found yet. Different actors have defined the term “trafficking” from different perspectives. All those definitions cover the ideas ranging from the facilitated as well as voluntary migration to forced labor, coercion, exploitation of prostitution, violence and movement of people from one place to another place influenced by threat and force for specific exploitative means. In comparison to present perspective the classical interpretations of the term “trafficking” are outmoded, vague and non-responsive. 1 The new perceptions of trafficking are extracted from the evaluation or the assessment of the present requirements of persons – men, women and children – who are trafficked. Therefore, the current definition should be well-defined to protect as well as promote the human rights of the trafficked victims. The concept of trafficking is quite vigorous; the parameter of the term “trafficking” is continually developing in response to the development or change of political, economic and social conditions. The manner and the way of trafficking changes from time to time, place to place and environment to environment but the basic elements of trafficking remain constant. So the core of the definitions of trafficking should be the recognition that it is not unified. It is different from illegal forms of migration. All illegal form of migration is not trafficking, but any kind of trafficking is illegal.
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