The Crusades began in 1095 in response to Pope Urban II asking Christians to fight Muslim forces in the Holy Land (History.com, 2010). These conquests left many lasting effects. Firstly, the Crusades gave more power to the Pope, as people began to look to them for guidance and leadership, which is why the Pope is such a prominent figure in Catholicism today. They also vastly increased the wealth of the church, as crusaders began gifting their estates or selling them for very little in return for prayers. Also, the gifts of piety given to the church drastically increased during this time of religious fervor. According to Alchin (2015), another effect of the Crusades was that they increased commerce, since “they created a constant demand for the transportation of men and supplies, encouraged ship-building, and extended the market for eastern wares in Europe.” Many luxurious products, such as silks and spices, began showing up in Europe as Europeans traded with great cities like Cairo and Mosul, and as a result several European cities, such as Venice and Genoa, became very wealthy. The European
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- Fall '16
- Jacqui Derby
- Humanities, Crusades, crusaders, First Crusade