4–2Defining the ProjectDefining the ProjectStep 1:Defining the Project ScopeStep 2:Establishing Project PrioritiesStep 3:Creating the Work Breakdown StructureStep 4:Integrating the WBS with the OrganizationStep 5:Coding the WBS for the InformationSystem
4–3Step 1: Defining the Project ScopeStep 1: Defining the Project Scope•Project Scope–A definition of the end result or mission of the project—a product or service for the client/customer—inspecific, tangible, and measurable terms.•Purpose of the Scope Statement–To clearly define the deliverable(s) for the end user.–To focus the project on successful completionof its goals.–To be used by the project owner and participantsas a planning tool and for measuring project success.
4–4Project Scope ChecklistProject Scope Checklist1.Project objective2.Deliverables3.Milestones4.Technical requirements5.Limits and exclusions6.Reviews with customer
4–5Project Scope: Terms and DefinitionsProject Scope: Terms and Definitions•Scope Statements–Also called statements of work (SOW)•Project Charter–Can contain an expanded version of scope statement–A document authorizing the project manager to initiateand lead the project.•Scope Creep–The tendency for the project scope to expand overtime due to changing requirements, specifications, andpriorities.
4–6Step 2: Establishing Project PrioritiesStep 2: Establishing Project Priorities•Causes of Project Trade-offs–Shifts in the relative importance of criterions relatedto cost, time, and performance parameters•Budget–Cost•Schedule–Time•Performance–Scope•Managing the Priorities of Project Trade-offs–Constrain: a parameter is a fixed requirement.