Chapter 8- Eating Disorders

Chapter 8- Eating Disorders - Jennifer Bishop March 26,...

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Jennifer Bishop March 26, 2008 Chapter 8: Eating Disorders Introduction 1. psychological, not nutricional disorders 2. people with eating disorders train themselves to ignore the body’s cues for hunger and satiety 3. death can result from starvation and heart failure 4. eating disorders use food to meet emotional needs 5. disordered eating is different than an eating disorder a. eating disorders disrupt your life, or be incurable b. disordered eating can happen to anyone 6. there is pressure these days to conform to a certain body type, at a cost to health An Ecological Perspective 1. eating disorders are only seen in wealthy, industrialized countries 2. individuals are afraid of excess a. people attach emotional meaning to food b. eating disorders, dieting, and weight obsession exist because of excess 3. we want the kinds of bodies our ancestors had when food was in short supply (thin ones) a. this desire is distorted, not insane b. we need to reconcile our past with our modern lives The Behavioral Continuum 1. eating is a simple response to physiological need 2. normal eating is the appropriate response to need, mediated by the sense of hunger 3. satiety: the sense of satisfaction or fullness after a meal that signals we’ve had enough 4. Anorexia Nervosa: eating disorder characterized by starving behavior, being underweight, and amenorrhea 5. Binge: to eat an excessively large amount of food within a discrete period of time, usually considered to be about 2 hours (people become overweight) 6. Bulimia Nervosa: eating disorder characterized by binging and purging or other compensatory behaviors such as fasting or excessive exercise a. Purge: an inappropriate attempt to compensate for overeating through the use of vomitting, laxative abuse, or diuretics b. People with bulimia are of normal weight, with fluctuations c. They can have serious medical problems from compensation
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The Severity Continuum 1. it’s okay to eat a whole bag of chips or skip lunch once in a while, as long as it isn’t habitual 2. practices between normal and clinical = disordered eating 3. Continuum: normal eating – preoccupation – disordered eating – eating disorder 4. severity and frequency determines an eating disorder 5. disordered eating is very common a. people can correct it by becoming more aware b. severe eating disorders need professional treatment, and can be incurable Etiology of Eating Disorders 1. origins lie in family, and individual personality, past experience, genetics 2. you should not try to diagnose an eating disorder a. it takes years of professional training to do this accurately b. you could make things worse without a professional’s help c. each person develops eating disorders differently 3. Demographics a. Most people with eating disorders are middle-upper class white females b. 95% are female, 90% are middle-upper class whites c. 80% are from highly educated households d. Eating disorders are mostly in wealthier, industrialized countries
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This note was uploaded on 05/14/2008 for the course CLASSICS 322 taught by Professor Beneker during the Spring '08 term at University of Wisconsin.

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Chapter 8- Eating Disorders - Jennifer Bishop March 26,...

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