Chapter 25- World War II notes - THE COMINGS OR WORLD WAR...

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THE COMINGS OR WORLD WAR II The Shadows Of War Japan started expanding to China for natural resources Authoritarian nationalism in Italy and Germany ( Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini ) Munich Agreement - Hitler promised he wouldn’t spread beyond the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia Isolationism US Isolationism - we wanted to stay out of problems bc what happened last time (WWI). Opposition to US involvement America First Committee - conservatives; had famous ppl like Henry FOrd, so other ppl wanted to join them Keep America Out of War Congress - liberals and trade unionists American League against War and Fascism - Communistic Roosevelt Readies For War October 1937- Roosevelt gets approved 1 billion to enlarge the navy, but most ppl (both regular citizens and congress) are against war Se[tember 1937- Hitler invades Poland- Britain and France, bc allied w/poland, declare war against germany Soviet Union and Germany- pact of nonaggression Blitzkrieg - lightning war; tactic Hitler used against western europe; fast tanks supported with air power. Took many northern european nations. Hitler+Italy took France and began attacking England June 1940 Most Americans still wanted to stay out of it. N Neutrality Act of 1939 - US could sell arms to Britain, France, and China; Roosevelt committed to aid Allies everything short of war. May 1940, began sending surplus equipment. Selective Service Act of 1940 - 1st peacetime draft of US history; got 1.4 million men to army training camps by July 1941 Election of 1840 - Roosevelt narrowly won against Republican candidate Wendell L. Willkie , because of the “Roosevelt Recession” (Roosevelt stopped as much gov’t funding in 1937, leading to a sharp recession) Lend-Lease Act - passed March 1941, allowed president to sell, exchange, or lease arms to any country whose defense appeared vial to U.S. security. Atlantic Charter - statement of common principles and war aims developed by FDR and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, among which include the right of all people to live in freedom from fear, want, and tyranny, free trade among all nations, disarmament, and end to territorial seizures Pearl Harbor Roosevelt was worried about attack on the pacific front, so he sent the Pacific Fleet from California to Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawai’i, in May 1940. September 1940, Japan
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