PSCI 2301- Writing Assignment 1 - Steffany Jones PSCI...

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Steffany Jones10/16/2016PSCI 2301.02 W Principles of U.S. and Texas GovernmentRobinson v. California: A Question of Civil Rights and the Eighth Amendment (Writing Assignment 1)
Writing Assignment 1: Robinson v. California2Robinson v. California: A Question of Civil Rights and the Eighth AmendmentThe case of Robinson v California 370 U.S. 660 (1962) was one of the most consequential drug policy events of its time. It questioned the constitutionality of a State Law’s criminalization of a person for his or her state of being. The United States Supreme Court’s ruling in this case would spark a significant transformation in the underlying principle and application of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees that “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted” (National Constitution Center, 2016). The decision by the Supreme Court established that the Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause of the Eighth Amendment applies to the states in appropriate cases because of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Article 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment provides:“All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”(National Constitution Center, 2016)

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