WHAPReviewDoc_2_1450-1750 - 1450-1750 Middle East Gunpowder Empires ottoman safavid and mughal 1453 ottomans take constantinople and challenge byzantine

WHAPReviewDoc_2_1450-1750 - 1450-1750 Middle East Gunpowder...

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1450-1750 Middle East - Gunpowder Empires: ottoman, safavid and mughal - 1453- ottomans take constantinople and challenge byzantine - rel tolerance (still SUNNI and under Selim I expand (1579 first unsuccessful attack on vienna never really take europe) - Suleiman I (Suleiman the Magnificent) 1520-1566 Golden Age : mil/arts increase - more trade and arts- mosques and impressive stuff - had janissaries -christian slaves (eventually contribute to their decay) rival of byzantine/ e europe as well as the safavid dynasty - safavids: Shia! in between ottomans lost to them. mostly buffer current day Iran had some impressive development ADD MORE HERE - Mughal- ?Babur established after defeat Delhi sultanate and unite almost entiere subcontinent under one rule later : AKBAR (AkBAE) 1566-1605 - want rel tolerance (hinduism + islam) no jizya tax golden age of art artistry and knowledge ex taj mahal - Aurangzeb fucked it all up : pro muslim and expansionist make tax. 1700: internal conflicts that europeans took advantage of while also taking over trade/port cities Mesoamerica - 1521- cortez takes aztec 1533 pizarro takes inca - before 1492 Columbus hits west indies and america is discovered - Treaty of Tordesillas divides world between spain (w) and portugal (e) - later england and netherlands and france involved : colonialism trade and nationalism dramatically increase - back to the conquered : how did they do it? - use neighbor rivalries to attack the big ones - inca just had civil war and was weakened - better weapons and animals - disease mostly killed them all off - ENCOMIENDA system : in the S America - peninsulares (spanish officials) / creoles (people born in america from spanish/led independence later) / mestizos (euro and native american mix) / Mulattos (euro and African mix)/ native americans and african slaves - peninsulares get land use laborers supposed to protect them but abuse them lighten load by bringing in slaves sigh - lots of mixing (more than in America) still racist system Europe - empire-building/colonialism/mercantilism : new political and economic institutions globally - end of feudalism ---move to mondays - knowledge increases strain of scholastics and new greek/roman stuff inspires : -

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