WHAPReviewDoc_1_600-1450 - Review Doc 600-1450 this period lots of trade indian ocean trade route silk road hanseatic league mediterranean trade

WHAPReviewDoc_1_600-1450 - Review Doc 600-1450 this period...

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Review Doc600-1450this period : lots of trade - indian ocean trade routesilk roadhanseatic league mediterranean trade trans-saharan trade routes fed by innovations: better boats better roads monetary systems gunpowder , compass- all impetuslots of diffusion: culture ex. religions spreadurbanization- as trade increased so did the number and size of citiesMiddle East-Mohammad -ISLAM 622 -Christianity/ Judaism similarities-Abu Bakr Successor-Shia/Sunni split : Shia- bloodline of Muhammad. Sunni -anyone in muslim community-Caliph-head of state, mil commander, chief judge, religious leader -huge expansion - by 711 into spain. 732- battle of tours stopped from entering France-Umayyad Dynasty- around 650 to 750 ish : Damascus capital; Arabic language; Jihad-expansion; gold/silver currency; -Abbasid- 750-1258 (mongols sack baghdad-capital)- GOLDEN AGE-trade: idea of credit; lots of innovations in math, paper, astronomy, etc. -lots of libraries and universities : center of cultural world -preserve greek writings -rel tolerance; rel expands to n africa, se asia( merchants/sufis- mystics-missionary force)-women- more rights under initial islam though still patriarchal-Abbasid decline: civil war, unrest, ethnic differences (turkish warrior slaves revolt) external issues (mongols) Mongols-GENGHIS KHAN early 1200s to mostly 1300s (golden horde in russia persisted longer than the others) nomadic group; expand and borrow from where conquered -largest landempire-1234 start ;invasion of china-khan died: splinter into 4 khanates.-Kublai khan's -yuan dynasty -china-golden horde -russia-ilk persian -middle east-never conquered egypt/japan-chagatai khanate -central asia -pax mongolica - 3rd golden age of silk road lots of trade/cultural diffusion/ europe finally brought into contact with the middle east (crusades/trade) spread of knowledge -made new currency / credit and infrastructure (postal system and education) -yuan dynasty : special social structure separate mongolia and china later assimilate. preserve chinese culture but do stop confucianism and civil service exam for the period
they are in charge. raise status of merchants but it all returns to normal when ming start 1368 -Golden horde: Russia isolated from west so culturally different-impact: world trade, diffusion, new religions food culture disease etc.Mesoamerica-Mayans 300 bce-800/1000 ce (500-850 ce golden age) -mexico/central america-city states; TIKAL but 1 king/ calendar system and discovered 0 -architecture -p=pyramids and agriculture -polytheistic and human sacrifices ; warfare a part of religion-maize - no domesticated large animals but irrigation systems (terraces) -kings priests nobility the merchants the peasants and slaves -unknown how they fell-Aztecs : 1300s ish to 1521 (cortes captured them) -Tenochtitlan capital - agri-chinmaps-

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