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Unformatted text preview: Asian Americans and Prejudice, Racism & Discrimination
PSY M107 / AAS M117 Definitions: Prejudice, Racism, Discrimination Theoretical Perspectives: 1. Social Identity Theory a) Ingroups and Outgroups 2. Social Cognition a) Attributions 3. Group Processes a) Realistic Conflict Theory b) Relative Deprivation Asian Americans & Discrimination 1. 2. Outline Goto, Gee & Takeuchi (1999) Gee (2002) Prejudice Feelings and attitudes directed towards an individual based solely on his/her group membership Preconceived judgments or opinions, usually based on limited information Origins: Evolutionary, Psychological, Economic Types of Prejudice
Intense (Old fashioned) Prejudice Symbolic (Modern) Prejudice Tokenism
CYA: Appearances count Inferiority beliefs Interference beliefs Arm's Length Prejudice Implicit Attitudes Situation-specific: Nothing personal Unobtrusive measure of racial attitudes? Race IAT class results No preference Whites/ preference for Blacks % Slight preference Whites % Moderate preference Whites % Strong preference Whites % % bias against Blacks Asian IAT class results No association Whites+America OR Association Asian Americans+America % Slight association Whites+America % Moderate association Whites+America % Strong association Whites+America % % bias Asian Americans unAmerican Racism A system of advantage based on race (but may also be class or genderbased, etc) Categorization and social position not selected by individual or group Hierarchical power relations: Subordinate dominant positions Psychological, economic, political, social consequences of this positioning at both the individual and group level. Discrimination Unjustified negative or harmful action toward a member of a group simply because of his or her membership in that group Perspectives: Identity Theory Social Identity Theory We derive meaning from our group affiliations --our regard for ourselves is tied to our group Ingroups and Outgroups What happens when your social identity is threatened? Need for "positive distinctiveness" "we" are not like "them" Ingroup/Outgroup Relationships Collectivists Fewer ingroups and greater commitment to ingroups Individualists Greater distinction drawn between ingroups and outgroups Increased pressure to conform to ingroups Individual needs often sacrificed for group goals More ingroups and less commitment to any particular ingroup Less concern, greater discrimination against outgroup members Less distinction drawn between ingroups and outgroups more movement between groups Personal needs over group goals Outgroup members more likely to have equal treatment Perspectives: Social Cognition
Collectivism, Attributions and Prejudice Fundamental Attribution Error Ultimate Attribution Error Ingroups: Positive events (dispositional) Negative events (situational) Outgroups: Positive events (situational) Negative events (dispositional) Others dispositional attributions Self situational attributions Collectivists are less likely to commit FAE, but are more likely to commit the UAE based on ingroup/outgroup distinctions Perspectives: Group Processes Realistic Conflict Theory Intergroup attitudes and behaviors reflect group interest When these are incompatible and one group's gains come at the expense of the other, then conflict and prejudice arise. Sherif's Robbers Cove study (1966)
Conditions for reducing prejudice
Equality Superordinate goals Positive interdependence Contact is not enough Relative Deprivation Perspectives: Intergroup Dynamics
Links social discontent and perception of deserving a better standard of living with prejudice Fraternal deprivation Scapegoating Vincent Chin Thien Minh Ly Feelings on behalf of group; personal experience not required Perceptions of Discrimination among Asian Americans Goto, Gee & Takeuchi (2001) To what extent do AAs perceive discrimination? What predicts discrimination? 1503 Chinese Americans in L.A. interviewed about unfair treatment due to race/ethnicity, and language/accent The Similarity Hypothesis The Contact Hypothesis Results: Goto et al., 2001 21% reported unfair treatment due to race (18%) or language (13%) Predictive Factors: Racebased Discrimination Languagebased Discrimination Higher education Longer length of stay in U.S. Higher Behavioral Acculturation More contact with nonChinese More contact with nonChinese Conclusions Racial Discrimination and Asian American Health Gee et al (2007) How are perceptions of racial discrimination related to mental disorder among AA's? Discrimination often goes hand in hand with other stressors. Is discrimination related to mental disorder in and of itself? Control variables: Acculturative stress, low family cohesion, poverty, physical illness, response biases Results: Gee et al, 2007 Discrimination was a robust predictor of mental disorders after accounting for other stressors and sociodemographic factors. Discrimination was a more important predictor than acculturative stress. ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/05/2008 for the course PSYCH M107 taught by Professor Liu during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.
- Winter '08